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Radiative bound-state formation in unbroken perturbative non-Abelian theories and implications for dark matter

  • Julia Harz
  • Kalliopi Petraki
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

We compute the cross-sections for the radiative capture of non-relativistic particles into bound states, in unbroken perturbative non-Abelian theories. We find that the formation of bound states via emission of a gauge boson can be significant for a variety of dark matter models that feature non-Abelian long-range interactions, including multi-TeV scale WIMPs, dark matter co-annihilating with coloured partners and hidden-sector models. Our results disagree with previous computations, on the relative sign of the Abelian and non-Abelian contributions. In particular, in the case of capture of a particle-antiparticle pair into its tightest bound state, we find that these contributions add up, rather than partially canceling each other. We apply our results to dark matter co-annihilating with particles transforming in the (anti)fundamental of SU(3)c, as is the case in degenerate stop-neutralino scenarios in the MSSM. We show that the radiative formation and decay of particle-antiparticle bound states can deplete the dark matter density by (40 − 240)%, for dark matter heavier than 500 GeV. This implies a larger mass difference between the co-annihilating particles, and allows for the dark matter to be as heavy as 3.3 TeV.

Keywords

Beyond Standard Model Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM Perturbative QCD 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Physique Théorique et Hautes Energies (LPTHE), UMR 7589 CNRS & Sorbonne UniversitéParisFrance
  2. 2.NikhefAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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