QCD corrections to vector boson pair production in gluon fusion including interference effects with off-shell Higgs at the LHC

  • Fabrizio Caola
  • Matthew Dowling
  • Kirill Melnikov
  • Raoul RöntschEmail author
  • Lorenzo Tancredi
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


We compute next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections to the production of two massive electroweak bosons in gluon fusion. We consider both the prompt production process ggV V and the production mediated by an exchange of an s-channel Higgs boson, ggH V V . We include final states with both on- and off-shell vector bosons with leptonic decays. The gluonic production of vector bosons is a loop-induced process, including both massless and massive quarks in the loop. For ggZZ production, we obtain the NLO QCD corrections to the massive loops through an expansion around the heavy top limit. This approximation is valid below the top production threshold, giving a broad range of invariant masses between the Higgs production and the top production thresholds in which our results are valid. We explore the NLO QCD effects in ggZZ focusing, in particular, on the interference between prompt and Higgs-mediated processes. We find that the QCD corrections to the interference are large and similar in size to the corrections to both the signal and the background processes. At the same time, we observe that corrections to the interference change rapidly with the four-lepton invariant mass in the region around the ZZ production threshold. We also study the interference effects in ggW + W production where, due to technical limitations, we only consider contributions of massless loops. We find that the QCD corrections to the interference in this case are somewhat larger than those for either the signal or the background.


NLO Computations QCD Phenomenology 


Open Access

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Fabrizio Caola
    • 1
  • Matthew Dowling
    • 2
  • Kirill Melnikov
    • 2
  • Raoul Röntsch
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lorenzo Tancredi
    • 2
  1. 1.CERN Theory DivisionGeneva 23Switzerland
  2. 2.Institute for Theoretical Particle Physics, KITKarlsruheGermany

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