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Topological phase transitions in the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model

  • C. AdamEmail author
  • C. Naya
  • T. Romanczukiewicz
  • J. Sanchez-Guillen
  • A. Wereszczynski
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

We demonstrate that the gauged BPS baby Skyrme model with a double vacuum potential allows for phase transitions from a non-solitonic to a solitonic phase, where the latter corresponds to a ferromagnetic liquid. Such a transition can be generated by increasing the external pressure P or by turning on an external magnetic field H. As a consequence, the topological phase where gauged BPS baby skyrmions exist, is a higher density phase. For smaller densities, obtained for smaller values of P and H, a phase without solitons is reached. We find the critical line in the P, H parameter space. Furthermore, in the soliton phase, we find the equation of state for the baby skyrmion matter V = V(P,H) at zero temperature, where V is the “volume”, i.e., area of the solitons.

Keywords

Field Theories in Lower Dimensions Solitons Monopoles and Instantons Topological States of Matter 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Adam
    • 1
    Email author
  • C. Naya
    • 1
  • T. Romanczukiewicz
    • 2
  • J. Sanchez-Guillen
    • 1
  • A. Wereszczynski
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de Física de PartículasUniversidad de Santiago de Compostela and Instituto Galego de Física de Altas Enerxias (IGFAE)Santiago de CompostelaSpain
  2. 2.Institute of PhysicsJagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland

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