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The mass-hierarchy and CP-violation discovery reach of the LBNO long-baseline neutrino experiment

  • The LAGUNA-LBNO collaboration
  • S.K. Agarwalla
  • L. Agostino
  • M. Aittola
  • A. Alekou
  • B. Andrieu
  • D. Angus
  • F. Antoniou
  • A. Ariga
  • T. Ariga
  • R. Asfandiyarov
  • D. Autiero
  • P. Ballett
  • I. Bandac
  • D. Banerjee
  • G. J. Barker
  • G. Barr
  • W. Bartmann
  • F. Bay
  • V. Berardi
  • I. Bertram
  • O. Bésida
  • A.M. Blebea-Apostu
  • A. Blondel
  • M. Bogomilov
  • E. Borriello
  • S. Boyd
  • I. Brancus
  • A. Bravar
  • M. Buizza-Avanzini
  • F. Cafagna
  • M. Calin
  • M. Calviani
  • M. Campanelli
  • C. Cantini
  • O. Caretta
  • G. Cata-Danil
  • M.G. Catanesi
  • A. Cervera
  • S. Chakraborty
  • L. Chaussard
  • D. Chesneanu
  • F. Chipesiu
  • G. Christodoulou
  • J. Coleman
  • P. Crivelli
  • T. Davenne
  • J. Dawson
  • I. De Bonis
  • J. De Jong
  • Y. Déclais
  • P. Del Amo Sanchez
  • A. Delbart
  • C. Densham
  • F. Di Lodovico
  • S. Di Luise
  • D. Duchesneau
  • J. Dumarchez
  • I. Efthymiopoulos
  • A. Eliseev
  • S. Emery
  • K. Enqvist
  • T. Enqvist
  • L. Epprecht
  • A. Ereditato
  • A.N. Erykalov
  • T. Esanu
  • A.J. Finch
  • M.D. Fitton
  • D. Franco
  • V. Galymov
  • G. Gavrilov
  • A. Gendotti
  • C. Giganti
  • B. Goddard
  • J.J. Gomez
  • C.M. Gomoiu
  • Y.A. Gornushkin
  • P. Gorodetzky
  • N. Grant
  • A. Haesler
  • M.D. Haigh
  • T. Hasegawa
  • S. Haug
  • M. Hierholzer
  • J. Hissa
  • S. Horikawa
  • K. Huitu
  • J. Ilic
  • A.N. Ioannisian
  • A. Izmaylov
  • A. Jipa
  • K. Kainulainen
  • T. Kalliokoski
  • Y. Karadzhov
  • J. Kawada
  • M. Khabibullin
  • A. Khotjantsev
  • E. Kokko
  • A.N. Kopylov
  • L.L. Kormos
  • A. Korzenev
  • S. Kosyanenko
  • I. Kreslo
  • D. Kryn
  • Y. Kudenko
  • V.A. Kudryavtsev
  • J. Kumpulainen
  • P. Kuusiniemi
  • J. Lagoda
  • I. Lazanu
  • J.-M. Levy
  • R.P. Litchfield
  • K. Loo
  • P. Loveridge
  • J. Maalampi
  • L. Magaletti
  • R.M. Margineanu
  • J. Marteau
  • C. Martin-Mari
  • V. Matveev
  • K. Mavrokoridis
  • E. Mazzucato
  • N. McCauley
  • A. Mercadante
  • O. Mineev
  • A. Mirizzi
  • B. Mitrica
  • B. Morgan
  • M. Murdoch
  • S. Murphy
  • K. Mursula
  • S. Narita
  • D.A. Nesterenko
  • K. Nguyen
  • K. Nikolics
  • E. Noah
  • Yu. Novikov
  • H. O’Keeffe
  • J. Odell
  • A. Oprima
  • V. Palladino
  • Y. Papaphilippou
  • S. Pascoli
  • T. Patzak
  • D. Payne
  • M. Pectu
  • E. Pennacchio
  • L. Periale
  • H. Pessard
  • C. Pistillo
  • B. Popov
  • P. Przewlocki
  • M. Quinto
  • E. Radicioni
  • Y. Ramachers
  • P.N. Ratoff
  • M. Ravonel
  • M. Rayner
  • F. Resnati
  • O. Ristea
  • A. Robert
  • E. Rondio
  • A. RubbiaEmail author
  • K. Rummukainen
  • R. Sacco
  • A. Saftoiu
  • K. Sakashita
  • J. Sarkamo
  • F. Sato
  • N. Saviano
  • E. Scantamburlo
  • F. Sergiampietri
  • D. Sgalaberna
  • E. Shaposhnikova
  • M. Slupecki
  • M. Sorel
  • N.J.C. Spooner
  • A. Stahl
  • D. Stanca
  • R. Steerenberg
  • A.R. Sterian
  • P. Sterian
  • B. Still
  • S. Stoica
  • T. Strauss
  • J. Suhonen
  • V. Suvorov
  • M. Szeptycka
  • R. Terri
  • L.F. Thompson
  • G. Toma
  • A. Tonazzo
  • C. Touramanis
  • W.H. Trzaska
  • R. Tsenov
  • K. Tuominen
  • A. Vacheret
  • M. Valram
  • G. Vankova-Kirilova
  • F. Vanucci
  • G. Vasseur
  • F. Velotti
  • P. Velten
  • T. Viant
  • H. Vincke
  • A. Virtanen
  • A. Vorobyev
  • D. Wark
  • A. Weber
  • M. Weber
  • C. Wiebusch
  • J.R. Wilson
  • S. Wu
  • N. Yershov
  • J. Zalipska
  • M. Zito
Open Access
Article

Abstract

The next generation neutrino observatory proposed by the LBNO collaboration will address fundamental questions in particle and astroparticle physics. The experiment consists of a far detector, in its first stage a 20 kt LAr double phase TPC and a magnetised iron calorimeter, situated at 2300 km from CERN and a near detector based on a highpressure argon gas TPC. The long baseline provides a unique opportunity to study neutrino flavour oscillations over their 1st and 2nd oscillation maxima exploring the L/E behaviour, and distinguishing effects arising from δ CP and matter.

In this paper we have reevaluated the physics potential of this setup for determining the mass hierarchy (MH) and discovering CP-violation (CPV), using a conventional neutrino beam from the CERN SPS with a power of 750 kW. We use conservative assumptions on the knowledge of oscillation parameter priors and systematic uncertainties. The impact of each systematic error and the precision of oscillation prior is shown. We demonstrate that the first stage of LBNO can determine unambiguously the MH to > 5σ C.L. over the whole phase space. We show that the statistical treatment of the experiment is of very high importance, resulting in the conclusion that LBNO has ~ 100% probability to determine the MH in at most 4-5 years of running. Since the knowledge of MH is indispensable to extract δ CP from the data, the first LBNO phase can convincingly give evidence for CPV on the 3σ C.L. using today’s knowledge on oscillation parameters and realistic assumptions on the systematic uncertainties.

Keywords

Oscillation Neutrino Detectors and Telescopes CP violation 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • The LAGUNA-LBNO collaboration
  • S.K. Agarwalla
    • 15
  • L. Agostino
    • 32
  • M. Aittola
    • 25
  • A. Alekou
    • 8
  • B. Andrieu
    • 31
  • D. Angus
    • 22
  • F. Antoniou
    • 8
  • A. Ariga
    • 2
  • T. Ariga
    • 2
  • R. Asfandiyarov
    • 21
  • D. Autiero
    • 5
  • P. Ballett
    • 22
  • I. Bandac
    • 11
  • D. Banerjee
    • 1
  • G. J. Barker
    • 18
  • G. Barr
    • 19
  • W. Bartmann
    • 8
  • F. Bay
    • 1
  • V. Berardi
    • 26
  • I. Bertram
    • 29
  • O. Bésida
    • 11
  • A.M. Blebea-Apostu
    • 37
  • A. Blondel
    • 21
  • M. Bogomilov
    • 17
  • E. Borriello
    • 38
  • S. Boyd
    • 18
  • I. Brancus
    • 37
  • A. Bravar
    • 21
  • M. Buizza-Avanzini
    • 32
  • F. Cafagna
    • 26
  • M. Calin
    • 4
  • M. Calviani
    • 8
  • M. Campanelli
    • 35
  • C. Cantini
    • 1
  • O. Caretta
    • 30
  • G. Cata-Danil
    • 39
  • M.G. Catanesi
    • 26
  • A. Cervera
    • 6
  • S. Chakraborty
    • 38
  • L. Chaussard
    • 5
  • D. Chesneanu
    • 37
  • F. Chipesiu
    • 37
  • G. Christodoulou
    • 20
  • J. Coleman
    • 20
  • P. Crivelli
    • 1
  • T. Davenne
    • 30
  • J. Dawson
    • 32
  • I. De Bonis
    • 27
  • J. De Jong
    • 19
  • Y. Déclais
    • 5
  • P. Del Amo Sanchez
    • 27
  • A. Delbart
    • 11
  • C. Densham
    • 30
  • F. Di Lodovico
    • 7
  • S. Di Luise
    • 1
  • D. Duchesneau
    • 27
  • J. Dumarchez
    • 31
  • I. Efthymiopoulos
    • 8
  • A. Eliseev
    • 34
  • S. Emery
    • 11
  • K. Enqvist
    • 28
  • T. Enqvist
    • 25
  • L. Epprecht
    • 1
  • A. Ereditato
    • 2
  • A.N. Erykalov
    • 34
  • T. Esanu
    • 4
  • A.J. Finch
    • 29
  • M.D. Fitton
    • 30
  • D. Franco
    • 5
  • V. Galymov
    • 11
  • G. Gavrilov
    • 34
  • A. Gendotti
    • 1
  • C. Giganti
    • 31
  • B. Goddard
    • 8
  • J.J. Gomez
    • 6
  • C.M. Gomoiu
    • 4
    • 37
  • Y.A. Gornushkin
    • 10
  • P. Gorodetzky
    • 32
  • N. Grant
    • 29
  • A. Haesler
    • 21
  • M.D. Haigh
    • 18
  • T. Hasegawa
    • 39
  • S. Haug
    • 2
  • M. Hierholzer
    • 2
  • J. Hissa
    • 25
  • S. Horikawa
    • 1
  • K. Huitu
    • 28
  • J. Ilic
    • 30
  • A.N. Ioannisian
    • 23
  • A. Izmaylov
    • 9
  • A. Jipa
    • 4
  • K. Kainulainen
    • 14
  • T. Kalliokoski
    • 14
  • Y. Karadzhov
    • 21
  • J. Kawada
    • 2
  • M. Khabibullin
    • 9
  • A. Khotjantsev
    • 9
  • E. Kokko
    • 25
  • A.N. Kopylov
    • 9
  • L.L. Kormos
    • 29
  • A. Korzenev
    • 21
  • S. Kosyanenko
    • 34
  • I. Kreslo
    • 2
  • D. Kryn
    • 32
  • Y. Kudenko
    • 9
    • 12
    • 13
  • V.A. Kudryavtsev
    • 3
  • J. Kumpulainen
    • 14
  • P. Kuusiniemi
    • 25
  • J. Lagoda
    • 16
  • I. Lazanu
    • 4
  • J.-M. Levy
    • 31
  • R.P. Litchfield
    • 18
  • K. Loo
    • 14
  • P. Loveridge
    • 30
  • J. Maalampi
    • 14
  • L. Magaletti
    • 26
  • R.M. Margineanu
    • 37
  • J. Marteau
    • 5
  • C. Martin-Mari
    • 21
  • V. Matveev
    • 9
    • 10
  • K. Mavrokoridis
    • 20
  • E. Mazzucato
    • 11
  • N. McCauley
    • 20
  • A. Mercadante
    • 26
  • O. Mineev
    • 9
  • A. Mirizzi
    • 38
  • B. Mitrica
    • 37
  • B. Morgan
    • 18
  • M. Murdoch
    • 20
  • S. Murphy
    • 1
  • K. Mursula
    • 25
  • S. Narita
    • 40
  • D.A. Nesterenko
    • 34
  • K. Nguyen
    • 1
  • K. Nikolics
    • 1
  • E. Noah
    • 21
  • Yu. Novikov
    • 34
  • H. O’Keeffe
    • 29
  • J. Odell
    • 30
  • A. Oprima
    • 37
  • V. Palladino
    • 24
  • Y. Papaphilippou
    • 8
  • S. Pascoli
    • 22
  • T. Patzak
    • 32
    • 33
  • D. Payne
    • 20
  • M. Pectu
    • 37
  • E. Pennacchio
    • 5
  • L. Periale
    • 1
  • H. Pessard
    • 27
  • C. Pistillo
    • 2
  • B. Popov
    • 31
    • 10
  • P. Przewlocki
    • 16
  • M. Quinto
    • 26
  • E. Radicioni
    • 26
  • Y. Ramachers
    • 18
  • P.N. Ratoff
    • 29
  • M. Ravonel
    • 21
  • M. Rayner
    • 21
  • F. Resnati
    • 1
  • O. Ristea
    • 4
  • A. Robert
    • 31
  • E. Rondio
    • 16
  • A. Rubbia
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. Rummukainen
    • 28
  • R. Sacco
    • 7
  • A. Saftoiu
    • 37
  • K. Sakashita
    • 39
  • J. Sarkamo
    • 25
  • F. Sato
    • 39
  • N. Saviano
    • 38
    • 22
  • E. Scantamburlo
    • 21
  • F. Sergiampietri
    • 1
    • 41
  • D. Sgalaberna
    • 1
  • E. Shaposhnikova
    • 8
  • M. Slupecki
    • 25
  • M. Sorel
    • 6
  • N.J.C. Spooner
    • 3
  • A. Stahl
    • 36
  • D. Stanca
    • 37
  • R. Steerenberg
    • 8
  • A.R. Sterian
    • 37
  • P. Sterian
    • 37
  • B. Still
    • 7
  • S. Stoica
    • 37
  • T. Strauss
    • 2
  • J. Suhonen
    • 14
  • V. Suvorov
    • 34
  • M. Szeptycka
    • 16
  • R. Terri
    • 7
  • L.F. Thompson
    • 3
  • G. Toma
    • 37
  • A. Tonazzo
    • 32
  • C. Touramanis
    • 20
  • W.H. Trzaska
    • 14
  • R. Tsenov
    • 17
  • K. Tuominen
    • 28
  • A. Vacheret
    • 19
  • M. Valram
    • 37
  • G. Vankova-Kirilova
    • 17
  • F. Vanucci
    • 32
  • G. Vasseur
    • 11
  • F. Velotti
    • 8
  • P. Velten
    • 8
  • T. Viant
    • 1
  • H. Vincke
    • 8
  • A. Virtanen
    • 14
  • A. Vorobyev
    • 34
  • D. Wark
    • 30
  • A. Weber
    • 19
    • 30
  • M. Weber
    • 2
  • C. Wiebusch
    • 36
  • J.R. Wilson
    • 7
  • S. Wu
    • 1
  • N. Yershov
    • 9
  • J. Zalipska
    • 16
  • M. Zito
    • 11
  1. 1.ETH Zurich, Institute for Particle PhysicsZurichSwitzerland
  2. 2.University of Bern, Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental PhysicsLaboratory for High Energy Physics (LHEP)BernSwitzerland
  3. 3.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUnited Kingdom
  4. 4.University of Bucharest, Faculty of PhysicsBucharest-MagureleRomania
  5. 5.Université de LyonVilleurbanneFrance
  6. 6.IFIC (CSIC & University of Valencia)ValenciaSpain
  7. 7.Queen Mary University of London, School of PhysicsLondonUnited Kingdom
  8. 8.CERNGenevaSwitzerland
  9. 9.Institute for Nuclear Research of the Russian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  10. 10.Joint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubnaRussia
  11. 11.IRFU, CEA SaclayGif-sur-YvetteFrance
  12. 12.National Research Nuclear University “MEPhI”MoscowRussia
  13. 13.Moscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyMoscow regionRussia
  14. 14.Department of PhysicsUniversity of JyväskyläJyväskyläFinland
  15. 15.Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Sainik School PostBhubaneswarIndia
  16. 16.National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ)WarsawPoland
  17. 17.Department of Atomic Physics, Faculty of PhysicsSt. Kliment Ohridski University of SofiaSofiaBulgaria
  18. 18.University of Warwick, Department of PhysicsCoventryUnited Kingdom
  19. 19.Oxford University, Department of PhysicsOxfordUnited Kingdom
  20. 20.University of Liverpool, Department of PhysicsLiverpoolUnited Kingdom
  21. 21.University of Geneva, section de Physique, DPNCGenevaSwitzerland
  22. 22.Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Department of PhysicsDurham UniversityDurhamUnited Kingdom
  23. 23.Yerevan Physics InstituteYerevanArmenia
  24. 24.INFN Sezione di Napoli and Università di Napoli, Dipartimento di FisicaNapoliItaly
  25. 25.Oulu Southern Institute and Department of PhysicsUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  26. 26.INFN and Dipartimento interateneo di Fisica di BariBariItaly
  27. 27.LAPP, Université de Savoie, CNRS/IN2P3Annecy-le-VieuxFrance
  28. 28.University of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  29. 29.Physics DepartmentLancaster UniversityLancasterUnited Kingdom
  30. 30.STFC, Rutherford Appleton LaboratoryOxfordUnited Kingdom
  31. 31.UPMC, Université Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, Laboratoire de Physique Nucléaire et de Hautes Energies (LPNHE)ParisFrance
  32. 32.APC, AstroParticule et Cosmologie, Université Paris Diderot, CNRS/IN2P3, CEA/Irfu, Observatoire de ParisParis Cedex 13France
  33. 33.Institut Universitaire de FranceParisFrance
  34. 34.Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (PNPI)St-PetersburgRussia
  35. 35.Dept. of Physics and AstronomyUniversity College LondonLondonUnited Kingdom
  36. 36.III. Physikalisches InstitutRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany
  37. 37.Horia Hulubei National Institute of R&D for Physics and Nuclear EngineeringIFIN-HHMăgureleRomania
  38. 38.University of HamburgHamburgGermany
  39. 39.High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK)TsukubaJapan
  40. 40.Iwate University, Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer ScienceMoriokaJapan
  41. 41.INFN — Sezione di PisaPisaItaly

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