Conservation of asymptotic charges from past to future null infinity: supermomentum in general relativity
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We show that the BMS-supertranslations and their associated supermomenta on past null infinity can be related to those on future null infinity, proving the conjecture of Strominger for a class of spacetimes which are asymptotically-flat in the sense of Ashtekar and Hansen. Using a cylindrical 3-manifold of both null and spatial directions of approach towards spatial infinity, we impose appropriate regularity conditions on the Weyl tensor near spatial infinity along null directions. The asymptotic Einstein equations on this 3-manifold and the regularity conditions imply that the relevant Weyl tensor components on past null infinity are antipodally matched to those on future null infinity. The subalgebra of totally fluxless supertranslations near spatial infinity provides a natural isomorphism between the BMS-supertranslations on past and future null infinity. This proves that the flux of the supermomenta is conserved from past to future null infinity in a classical gravitational scattering process provided additional suitable conditions are satisfied at the timelike infinities.
KeywordsClassical Theories of Gravity Gauge Symmetry Global Symmetries SpaceTime Symmetries
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