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Dark matter, dark radiation and gravitational waves from mirror Higgs parity

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Abstract

An exact parity replicates the Standard Model giving a Mirror Standard Model, SM SM. This “Higgs Parity” and the mirror electroweak symmetry are spontaneously broken by the mirror Higgs, 〈H〉 = v ≫ 〈H〉, yielding the Standard Model Higgs as a Pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone Boson of an approximate SU (4) symmetry, with a quartic coupling λSM(v) 103. Mirror electromagnetism is unbroken and dark matter is composed of e and \( {\overline{e}}^{\prime } \). Direct detection may be possible via the kinetic mixing portal, and in unified theories this rate is correlated with the proton decay rate. With a high reheat temperature after inflation, the et dark matter abundance is determined by freeze-out followed by dilution from decays of mirror neutrinos, ν→ ℓH . Remarkably, this requires v (108–1010) GeV, predicting a Higgs mass of 123 ± 3 GeV at 1σ and a Standard Model neutrino mass of (102–101) eV, consistent with observed neutrino masses. The mirror QCD sector exhibits a first order phase transition producing gravitational waves that may be detected by future observations. Mirror glueballs decay to mirror photons giving dark radiation with ∆Neff 0.03–0.4. With a low reheat temperature after inflation, the e dark matter abundance is determined by freeze-in from the SM sector by either the Higgs or kinetic mixing portal.

A preprint version of the article is available at ArXiv.

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Correspondence to David Dunsky.

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ArXiv ePrint:1908.02756

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Dunsky, D., Hall, L.J. & Harigaya, K. Dark matter, dark radiation and gravitational waves from mirror Higgs parity. J. High Energ. Phys. 2020, 78 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/JHEP02(2020)078

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Keywords

  • Beyond Standard Model
  • Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM
  • Higgs Physics