Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2015:23 | Cite as

Yukawa bound states of a large number of fermions

  • Mark B. Wise
  • Yue ZhangEmail author
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


We consider the bound state problem for a field theory that contains a Dirac fermion χ that Yukawa couples to a (light) scalar field ϕ. We are interested in bound states with a large number N of χ particles. A Fermi gas model is used to numerically determine the dependence of the radius R of these bound states on N and also the dependence of the binding energy on N. Since scalar interactions with relativistic χ’s are suppressed two regimes emerge. For modest values of N the state is composed of non-relativistic χ particles. In this regime as N increases R decreases. Eventually the core region becomes relativistic and the size of the state starts to increase as N increases. As a result, for fixed Yukawa coupling and χ mass, there is a minimum sized state that occurs roughly at the value of N where the core region first becomes relativistic. We also compute an elastic scattering form factor that can be relevant for direct detection if the dark matter is composed of such χ particles.


Beyond Standard Model Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM Statistical Methods 


Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.


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© The Author(s) 2015

Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits use, duplication, adaptation, distribution, and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical PhysicsCalifornia Institute of TechnologyPasadenaU.S.A.

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