Yukawa bound states of a large number of fermions
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We consider the bound state problem for a field theory that contains a Dirac fermion χ that Yukawa couples to a (light) scalar field ϕ. We are interested in bound states with a large number N of χ particles. A Fermi gas model is used to numerically determine the dependence of the radius R of these bound states on N and also the dependence of the binding energy on N. Since scalar interactions with relativistic χ’s are suppressed two regimes emerge. For modest values of N the state is composed of non-relativistic χ particles. In this regime as N increases R decreases. Eventually the core region becomes relativistic and the size of the state starts to increase as N increases. As a result, for fixed Yukawa coupling and χ mass, there is a minimum sized state that occurs roughly at the value of N where the core region first becomes relativistic. We also compute an elastic scattering form factor that can be relevant for direct detection if the dark matter is composed of such χ particles.
KeywordsBeyond Standard Model Cosmology of Theories beyond the SM Statistical Methods
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