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From six to four and more: massless and massive maximal super Yang-Mills amplitudes in 6d and 4d and their hidden symmetries

  • Jan Plefka
  • Theodor Schuster
  • Valentin Verschinin
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

A self-consistent exposition of the theory of tree-level superamplitudes of the 4d \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) and 6d \( \mathcal{N}=\left(1,1\right) \) maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theories is provided. In 4d we work in non-chiral superspace and construct the superconformal and dual superconformal symmetry generators of the \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) SYM theory using the non-chiral BCFW recursion to prove the latter. In 6d we provide a complete derivation of the standard and hidden symmetries of the tree-level superamplitudes of \( \mathcal{N}=\left(1,1\right) \) SYM theory, again using the BCFW recursion to prove the dual conformal symmetry. Furthermore, we demonstrate that compact analytical formulae for tree-superamplitudes in \( \mathcal{N}=\left(1,1\right) \) SYM can be obtained from a numerical implementation of the supersymmetric BCFW recursion relation. We derive compact manifestly dual conformal representations of the five- and six-point superamplitudes as well as arbitrary multiplicity formulae valid for certain classes of superamplitudes related to ultra-helicity-violating massive amplitudes in 4d. We study massive tree superamplitudes on the Coulomb branch of the \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) SYM theory from dimensional reduction of the massless superamplitudes of the six-dimensional \( \mathcal{N}=\left(1,1\right) \) SYM theory. We exploit this correspondence to construct the super-Poincaré and enhanced dual conformal symmetries of massive tree superamplitudes in \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) SYM theory which are shown to close into a finite dimensional algebra of Yangian type. Finally, we address the fascinating possibility of uplifting massless 4d superamplitudes to 6d massless superamplitudes proposed by Huang. We confirm the uplift for multiplicities up to eight but show that finding the uplift is highly non-trivial and in fact not of a practical use for multiplicities larger than five.

Keywords

Supersymmetric gauge theory Scattering Amplitudes Extended Supersymmetry Space-Time Symmetries 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan Plefka
    • 1
    • 2
  • Theodor Schuster
    • 1
  • Valentin Verschinin
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Institut für Physik and IRIS AdlershofHumboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Theoretische PhysikEidgenössische Technische Hochschule ZürichZürichSwitzerland
  3. 3.Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, CNRSPalaiseauFrance

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