Scrutinizing the Higgs signal and background in the 2e2μ golden channel
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Kinematic distributions in the decays of the newly discovered resonance to four leptons are a powerful probe of the tensor structure of its couplings to electroweak gauge bosons. We present analytic calculations for both signal and background of the fully differential cross section for the ‘Golden Channel’ e + e − μ + μ − final state. We include all interference effects between intermediate gauge bosons and allow them to be on- or off-shell. For the signal we compute the fully differential decay width for general scalar couplings to ZZ,γγ,andZγ. For the background we compute the leading order fully differential cross section for q q annihilation into Z and γ gauge bosons, including the contribution from the resonant Z → 2e2μ process. We also present singly and doubly differential projections and study the interference effects on the differential spectra. These expressions can be used in a variety of ways to uncover the nature of the newly discovered resonance or any new scalars decaying to neutral gauge bosons which might be discovered in the future.
KeywordsHiggs Physics Standard Model