Population Migration and Brain Drain in Northeast China
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Migration has been the main driver during the last decade of population change in Northeast China, an area made up of three provinces, Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning. A net out flow of population has resulted in the loss of younger laborers in the area. More than two million people migrate out of Northeast China, and the number is increasing. The flow direction is from north to south. Liaoning in the south is a province of net in-migration, and Jilin and Heilongjiang in the north are provinces of net out-migration. There are large differences in the education and age structure of inflow and outflow migrants; the out-flow areas are losing human capital. This study uses a Dynamic Monitoring Survey of Migrant Population to analyze population flows in Northeast China, and uses employment information for university graduates to analyze the problem of brain drain in this area.
Key wordsNortheast China Population mobility Net outflow of population Brain drain
This work is supported by Major Project of the National Social Science Fund for 2016 (16ZDA089). The author thanks professor ZHENG Zhenzhen for revision suggestion, and thanks anonymous reviewers for the comments improved the paper.
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