Population Migration and Brain Drain in Northeast China

  • Yu JiangEmail author
Open Access


Migration has been the main driver during the last decade of population change in Northeast China, an area made up of three provinces, Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning. A net out flow of population has resulted in the loss of younger laborers in the area. More than two million people migrate out of Northeast China, and the number is increasing. The flow direction is from north to south. Liaoning in the south is a province of net in-migration, and Jilin and Heilongjiang in the north are provinces of net out-migration. There are large differences in the education and age structure of inflow and outflow migrants; the out-flow areas are losing human capital. This study uses a Dynamic Monitoring Survey of Migrant Population to analyze population flows in Northeast China, and uses employment information for university graduates to analyze the problem of brain drain in this area.

Key words

Northeast China Population mobility Net outflow of population Brain drain 



This work is supported by Major Project of the National Social Science Fund for 2016 (16ZDA089). The author thanks professor ZHENG Zhenzhen for revision suggestion, and thanks anonymous reviewers for the comments improved the paper.


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Copyright information

© China Population and Development Research Center 2015

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.China Population and Development Research CenterBeijingChina

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