Advertisement

Journal of Rubber Research

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 46–61 | Cite as

Yield-Growth Dynamics of Hevea Hybrid Clones in Tripura

  • P. D. AntonyEmail author
  • P. M. Priyadarshan
  • K. Das
  • S. K. Dey
Article

Abstract

Evaluation of growth and yield for twelve selected hybrids from two recombination breeding programmes was conducted in a clonal nursery trial at Tripura (North East India). Girth, increment in girth and yield based on test tapping as well as under ethephon stimulation were evaluated. Based on mean girth and girth increment, 99/5/9, 99/3/61, 99/1/15 and 98/46 were identified as vigorous clones. Test tap yield in the peak season was highest for reference clone RRIM 600 followed by 98/46 Hybrid clones 99/5/9, 99/3/61 and 99/5/35 also had test tap yield above the grand mean in both peak season and summer season. Assessment of intra-clonal variability through boxplot analysis revealed that among the promising clones 98/46, 99/3/61 and 99/5/9 had a lower range in girth, while 98/46 and 99/5/9 had better uniformity in yield. Significant yield-girth correlation was observed within clones in the second year of test tapping. Hybrid clones were classified based on mean and proportion of trees in the above average category. Clones 99/3/61, 99/5/9 and 98/46, belonging to the high girth and high yield categories, recorded higher mean yield than the grand mean over three years of test tapping, were comparable with RRIM 600 and identified as potential clones for further evaluation.

Keywords

clonal nursery evaluation early selection growth hybrids Hevea yield 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    PRIYADARSHAN, P.M. (2003) Breeding Hevea Brasiliensis for Environmental Constraints. Adv. Agron., 79, 351–400.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    GONÇALVES, P de S., SILVA, M. D., GOUVEA, L.R.L. and SCALOPPI, E.J.J. (2006) Genetic Variability for Girth Growth and Rubber Yield in Hevea Brasiliensis. Sci. Agri. (Piracicaba, Braz.), 63(3), 246–254.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    MYDIN, K.K. (2012) Juvenile Mature Correlations and Associations Among Rubber Yield and Yield Attributes in Hevea Brasiliensis. Nat. Rub. Res., 25(1), 1–12.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    GOUVEA, L.R.L., SILVA, G.A.P., BOMBONATO, A.L., VERARDI, C.K., OLIVEIRA, L.B. and GONCALVES, P. P DE S. (2013) Simultaneous Selection of Rubber Yield and Girth Growth in Young Rubber Trees. Ind. Crops and Prod., 50, 39–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    VARGHESE, Y.A., JOHN, A., PREMAKUMARI, D., PANIKKAR A.O.N. and SETHURAJ, M.R. (1993) Early Evaluation in Hevea: Growth and Yield at the Juvenile Phase. Indian J. Nat. Rubb. Res., 6(1&2), 19–23.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    TAN, H. (1998) A Study of Nursery Selection in Hevea Breeding. J. Rubb. Res., 1(4), 253–262.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    FERNANDO, D.M. and DESILVA, M.S.C. (1971) A New Basis for the Selection of Hevea Seedlings. Quarterly J. Rubb. Res Inst. Ceylon, 48, 19–30.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    GOHET, E., CHANTUMA, P., LACOTE, R., OBOUAYEBA, S., DIAN, K., CLEMENF- DEMANGE, A., KURNIA, D. and ESCHBACH, J. M. (2003) Latex Clonal Typology of Hevea Brasiliensis: Physiological Modeling of Yield Potential and Clonal Response to Ethylene Stimulation. Proceedings of the International Workshop on Exploitation Technology, India 2003, 199–216.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    AHMAD, B., IDRIS, H. and SULONG, S.H. (2009) Early Selection of Promising High Yielding Hevea Progenies Based on Selected Physiological and Stomatal Characteristics. J. Rubb. Res., 12(3), 140–150.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    HO, C.Y. (1976) Clonal Characters Determining the Yield of Hevea Brasiliensis. Proc. Int. Rubb. Conf., 1975, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2, 17–38.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    TAN, H. (1987) Strategies in Rubber Tree Breeding. In: Improving Vegetatively Propagated Crops. Abbott, A.J. and Atkin, R.K. (Eds) London: Academic Press. 27–62.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    MYDIN, K.K., LICY, J., VARGHESE, Y.A., JOHN, A., NAIR, R.B. and SARASWATHYAMMA, C.K. (2004) Clonal Nursery Evaluation for Shortening the Breeding Cycle in Hevea Brasiliensis. Nat. Rubb. Res., 17(1), 60–66.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    CHANDRASEKHAR, T.R., MARATTUKULAM, J.G., MERCYKUTTY, V.C. and PRIYADARSAN, P.M. (2007) Age of Yield Stabilization and Its Implications for Optimizing Selection and Shortening Breeding Cycle In Rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis Muell Arg.). Euphytica, 156, 67–75.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    SILPI, U., THALER, P., KASEMSAP, P., LACOINTE, A., CHANTUMA, A., ADAM, B., GOHET, E., THANISAWANYANGKURA, S. and AMEGLIO, T. (2006) Effect of Tapping Activity on the Dynamics of Radial Growth of Hevea Brasiliensis Trees. Tree Physiol., 26, 1579–1587.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    VIJAYAKUMAR, K. R., CHANDRASHEKHAR, T. R. and PHILIP, V. (2000) Agroclimate. In: Natural Rubber: Agromanagement and Crop Processing. P.J. George and C. Kuruvilla Jacob (Eds.). Kottayam: Rubber Research Institute of India, 97–116.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    PRIYADARSHAN, P.M., SASIKUMAR, S. and GONCALVES, P de S. (2001) Phenological Changes in Hevea Brasiliensis Under Differential Geo-Climates. The Planter (Malaysia), 77, 447–459.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    PRIYADARSHAN, P.M., HOA, T.T.T., HUASUN, H. and GONCALVES, P de S. (2005) Yielding Potential of Rubber Tree (Hevea Brasiliensis) Clones in Sub-Optimal Environments. In: Genetic and Production Innovation in Field Crop Technology: New Developments in Theory and Practice. M.S. Kang (Ed.). J. Crop Improv., (Special issue) 14(1/2), 221–247.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    SASIKUMAR, S., PRIYADARSHAN, P. M., DEY, S.K. and VARGHESE, Y.A. (2001) Evaluation of Polyclonal Seedling Population of Hevea (Wild. Ex. Adr. De Juss. Muell. Arg.) in Tripura. Indian J. Nat. Rubb. Res., 14(2), 125–130.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    PRIYADARSHAN, P.M. and CLÉMENT-DEMANGE, A. (2004) Breeding Hevea Rubber: Formal and Molecular Genetics. Adv. Genet., 52, 51–115.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    NAIR, V.K.B. and GEORGE, P.J. (1968) The Indian Clones RRII 100 series. Rubber Board Bulletin. 10, 115–140.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    NAZEER, M.A., MARKOSE, V.C., GEORGE, P.J. and PANIKKAR, A.O.N. (1986) Performance of a Few Hevea Clones from the RRII 100 Series in Large Scale Trial. J. Plant. Crops, 14(2), 99–104.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    CHAN, W.H. (1984) A review of RRIM [Rubber Research Inst. of Malaysia] 600 in a Large Group of Rubber Estates in Peninsular Malaysia [Hevea Clones]. Planter (Malaysia), 60(696), 95–110.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    LICY, J., SARASWATHYAMMA, C. K., PREMAKUMARI, D., MEENAKUMARI, T., MEENATTOOR, J. R. and NAZEER, M. A. (2003) Genetic Parameters and Heterosis in Rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis Muell. Arg.): V. Hybrid Vigour for Yield and Yield Components Among the RRII 400 Series Clones in Small Scale Evaluation. Indian J. Nat. Rubb. Res., 16(1&2), 75–80.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    MYDIN, K.K., MERCYKUTTY, V.C. and SARASWATHYAMMA, C.K. (2005) Clonal Selection for High Yield and Precocity in Rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis Willd. Ex. Adr. De Juss. Muell. Arg.) Early Results of Large Scale Evaluation of the RRII 400 Series. Proc. Int. Rubb. Conf., India, pp 27–36.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    ANTONY, P. D., DEY, S.K. and MEENAKUMARI, T. (2010) Comparative Growth and Yield Performance of Hevea Clones Under the Agro-Climatic Conditions of Tripura. Nat. Rubb. Res., 23(1&2), 12–19.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    PRIYADARSHAN, P.M., SUDHASOWMYALATHA, M.K., SASIKUMAR, S., VARGHESE, Y.A. and DEY, S.K. (1998) Relative Performance of Six Hevea Brasiliensis Clones During Two Yielding Regimes in Tripura. Indian J. Nat. Rubb. Res., 11(1&2), 67–72.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    VINOD, K.K. (2001) Studies on Divergence of Hevea Brasiliensis Clones for Yield and Related Traits During Peak Yielding Seasons in Tripura. Indian J. Nat. Rubb. Res., 14(1), 36–42.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    TAN, H. and SUBRAMANIAM, S. (1976) A Five Parent Diallele Cross Analysis of Certain Characters of Young Hevea Seedlings. Proc. Int. Rubb. Conf., 1975, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 2, 13–16.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    R CORE TEA. (2016) R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna: Austria. https://doi.org/www.R-project.org/Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    CHANDRASHEKAR, T.R., MYDIN, K.K., ALICE, J., VARGHESE, Y.A. and SARASWATHYAMMA, CK. (1997) Intraclonal Variability for Yield in Rubber (Hevea Brasiliensis). Indian J. Nat. Rubb. Res., 10(1&2), 43–47.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    LICY, J. and PREMAKUMARI, D. (1998) Association of Characters in Hand Pollinated Progenies of Hevea Brasiliensis (Willd. ex. Adr. De Juss.) Muell. Arg. Indian J. Nat. Rubb. Res., 1(1), 18–21.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    ABRAHAM, T., AJITHKUMAR, E. and MYDIN, K.K. (2016) Clonal Nursery Evaluation of Half-Sib Progenies in Two Different Agro-Climatic Regions. Rubb. Sci., 29(3), 264–276.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    BOMBONATO, A.L., GOUVEA, L.R.L., VERARDI, C.K., SILVA, G.A.P. and GONCALVES, P. de S. (2015) Rubber Tree Ortet-Ramet Genetic Correlation and Early Selection Efficiency to Reduce Rubber Tree Breeding Cycle. Ind. Crops and Prod., 77, 855–860.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    MERCY, M. A., SINGH, M., REGHU, C. P. and VARGHESE, Y A. (2010) Preliminary Field Screening of Wild Hevea Germplasm for Tolerance to Drought. J. Nat. Rubb. Res., 23(1/2), 71–79.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    VINOD, K.K., SURYAKUMAR, M., NAZEER, M.A., SULOCHANAMMA, S., THOMAS, K.U., VIJAYAKUMAR, K.R. and SARASWATHYAMMA, C.K. (2003) Growth Analysis of Hevea Brasiliensis Clones in Coastal Karnataka Region. Indian J. Nat. Rubb. Res., 16(1&2), 35–40.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    NARAYANAN, R. and HO C. Y. (1970) Yield Girth Relationship Studies on Hevea. J. Rubb. Res. Inst. Malaya, 23(1), 23–31.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    GENER, P. (1977) Growth And Uniformity of Grafted Hevea Plants with Various Preparation and Planting Techniques. J. Rubb. Res. Inst. Srilanka. 54(1), 70–82.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    WYCHERLEY, P.R. (1969) Breeding of Hevea. J. Rubb. Res. Inst. Malaya, 21(1), 38.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    NARAYANAN, R. and HO C. Y. (1973) Clonal Nursery Studies in Hevea II. Relationship Between Yield and Girth. J. Rubb. Res. Inst. Malaya, 23(5), 332–338.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    CARDINAL, A. B. B., GONCALVES, P. des. and MARTINS, A. L. M. (2007) Stock-Scion Interactions on Growth and Rubber Yield of Hevea Brasiliensis. Sci. Agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.), 64(3), 235–240.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Malaysian Rubber Board 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. D. Antony
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. M. Priyadarshan
    • 1
  • K. Das
    • 1
  • S. K. Dey
    • 1
  1. 1.Hevea Breeding Substation, Rubber BoardPuttur Taluk, D.K. District, KarnatakaIndia

Personalised recommendations