Journal of Rubber Research

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 58–70 | Cite as

Large Variation in Carbon Isotope Composition of Bulk Leaf Material of Rubber Trees from a Germplasm Collection: An Opportunity for Improving Water Use Efficiency in Breeding Programs

  • N. Kanpanon
  • P. Kasemsap
  • P. ThalerEmail author
  • B. Kositsup
  • R. Rattanawong
  • D. Epron


The rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis) is an important economic crop, particularly in Thailand. As the plantations extend to new and drier areas, information on physiological parameters such as water use efficiency (WUE) is required to help breeding for adapted genotypes. Carbon isotope composition of bulk leaf (δ13C) can be used as an indicator of intrinsic water use efficiency (WUE) of plants. A prerequisite step is to analyse the genetic variability of δ13C. We compared the carbon isotope composition of bulk rubber tree leaf (δ13C) in rainy and dry seasons in a collection of 49 wild genotypes of rubber in Northern Thailand. There were large δ13C variations among the genotypes at all seasons. δ13C ranged between −33.3‰ to −30.0‰ in rainy season and −33.1‰ to −29.9‰ in dry season. δ13C was rather stable with a good correlation between rainy and dry season. In rainy season, there was a positive significant correlation between δ13C, leaf mass per area (LMA) and leaf nitrogen per area (NA). The average δ13C was significantly different between two genetic clusters previously identified in this population. The large genetic variability of δ13C in wild rubber population is promising for breeding genotypes using less water.


Caron isotopes Hevea brasiliensis genetic variability WUE Thailand 


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Copyright information

© The Malaysian Rubber Board 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Kanpanon
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • P. Kasemsap
    • 1
  • P. Thaler
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  • B. Kositsup
    • 6
  • R. Rattanawong
    • 7
  • D. Epron
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, Faculty of AgricultureKasetsart UniversityBangkokThailand
  2. 2.UMR 1137, Ecologie et Ecophysiologie Forestières, Faculté des SciencesUniversité de LorraineVandoeuvre-les-NancyFrance
  3. 3.UMR 1137, Ecologie et Ecophysiologie ForestièresCentre de Nancy - Lorraine, INRAChampenouxFrance
  4. 4.UMR Eco&SolsCIRADMontpellierFrance
  5. 5.Hevea Research Platform in Partnership, Centre of Thai-French Cooperation on Higher Education and ResearchKasetsart UniversityBangkokThailand
  6. 6.Department of Botany, Faculty of ScienceChulalongkorn UniversityBangkokThailand
  7. 7.Rubber Research Institute of ThailandRubber Authority of ThailandNong KhaiThailand

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