Preliminary Diagnostic Survey on Causes of Prenatal Mortality in lcelandic Cattle
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The health status of Icelandic domestic animals is greatly affected by the isolated geographic location of Iceland in the northern Atlantic Ocean and a very restrictive import policy regarding agricultural products and animals, i.e., import of cattle has been prohibited since 1882. Specifically, several important bovine abortifacients including Brucella abortus, Tritrichomonas fetus, Campylobacter fetus, ssp. venerea/is, Leptospira interrogans serovar hadjo, bovine herpesvirus type 1, and bovine viral diarrhoe virus have never been found in lceland (Sigurdsson2000).
A diagnostic survey of aborted and prematurely delivered calves in Iceland has never been performed. Therefore, the prevalences of lesions and abortifacients in such a material are unknown. As the aetiology of prenatal mortality in cattle depends on the occurrence of both infectious and non-infectious abortifacients as well as management and environmental factors, studies on the causes of prenatal losses can generally not...
The Agricultural Productivity Fund Iceland is greatly acknowledged for financial support.
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