Low gamma wave oscillations in the striatum of mice following morphine administration
Functional role of the striatum in motor control has been widely studied. In addition, its involvement in reward function as a brain area in the dopamine system has also been mentioned. However, neural signaling in the striatum in response to consumption of emotional enhancing substances remained to be explored. This study aimed to investigate local field potential (LFP) of the striatum following morphine administration. Male Swiss albino mice implanted with electrode into the striatum were given an intraperitoneal injection of either saline or morphine (5 or 15 mg/kg). LFP and locomotor activity of individual animals were simultaneously recorded in the recording chamber following the administration. The inspection of LFP tracings revealed the increase in fast wave induced by morphine particularly at a high dose. Statistical analyses were performed using a one way ANOVA followed by Tukey post hoc test. Frequency analysis using Fast Fourier transform also confirmed a significant elevation of low gamma (30-44.9 Hz) activity. When analyzed in time domain, significant increase in low gamma power was observed from the 15th to 65th min following 15 mg/kg morphine treatment. Moreover, morphine treatment also exhibited a stimulating effect on locomotor speed. However, regression analyses revealed no significant correlation between low gamma power and locomotor speed. In summary, this study demonstrated the increase in low gamma oscillation in the striatum and this effect was not associated with locomotor activity of animals. Thus, it is possible that low gamma oscillation induced by morphine treatment is related with the reward function.
KeywordsStriatum Local field potential Low gamma wave Morphine
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