Economic, Social and Legal Arguments for the Foundation of the Bucharest Metropolitan Area
In the present globalized world, the existence of a metropolis implies the presence of international activities within that area. Bucharest has significantly evolved from the small village founded by a shepherd many years ago to the metropolitan area it is today. Is Bucharest ready to assume its role as a metropolis? Are there any differences between Bucharest, the Romanian metropolis, and famous metropolitan areas around the world? What are the economic and social developmental aspects of this area? Will Bucharest be able to develop as a metropolis in a sustainable way? Does Romania have a coherent policy for sustainable development of metropolitan areas? These are the questions addressed in our study based on our own research–library and field work–and inspired by the novelty and importance of this matter in Romania.
Bucharest experienced a true urban expansion in the 20th century, especially during the communist regime when, concomitant with accelerated industrialization, it recorded a spectacular increase in population: from 65,000 inhabitants in 1831, 770,000 in 1930, 1,120,000 in 1948, and reaching 2,000,000 in 1989 (and currently). This represents the first step of the urbanization process, when the rural population tends to migrate toward the urban center, creating a process of growth and urban concentration.
After 1990, Bucharest’s urbanization process entered its second phase–that of suburbanization, a process which essentially reflects the “ex-urbanization” trend or the inhabitants’ residential mobility from the center toward the periphery or outside vicinity.
We are currently witnessing a spontaneous development of metropolitan areas. This type of growth needs a very well designed intervention to correct the potential negative effects and to optimize the process, aiming at a better quality of life for inhabitants.
Key wordsmetropolitan area periurban territory arrangement urban policy urbanism Bucharest sustainable development
JEL ClassificationR Conference field: 9—Regional Urban and transportation policy
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