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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 97, Issue 4, pp 296–299 | Cite as

Guiding Health Promotion Efforts with Urban Inuit

A Community-specific Perspective on Health Information Sources and Dissemination Strategies
  • Kelly E. McShaneEmail author
  • Janet K. Smylie
  • Paul D. Hastings
  • Carmel M. Martin
  • Connie Siedule
  • Eva Kigutaq
  • Iga Attagutsiak
  • Elders Qapik Attagutsiak
  • Susanna Singoorie
  • Kigutikajuk Shappa
Article
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Abstract

Objective: To develop a community-specific perspective of health information sources and dissemination strategies of urban Inuit to better guide health promotion efforts.

Methods: Through a collaborative partnership with the Tungasuvvingat Inuit Family Resource Centre, a series of key informant interviews and focus groups were conducted to gather information on specific sources of health information, strategies of health information dissemination, and overall themes in health information processes.

Findings: Distinct patterns of health information sources and dissemination strategies emerged from the data. Major themes included: the importance of visual learning, community Elders, and cultural interpreters; community cohesion; and the Inuit and non- Inuit distinction. The core sources of health information are family members and sources from within the Inuit community. The principal dissemination strategy for health information was direct communication, either through one-on-one interactions or in groups.

Conclusion: This community-specific perspective of health information sources and dissemination strategies shows substantial differences from current mainstream models of health promotion and knowledge translation. Health promotion efforts need to acknowledge the distinct health information processes of this community, and should strive to integrate existing health information sources and strategies of dissemination with those of the community.

MeSH terms

Inuit urban population urban health health services research health promotion knowledge translation 

Résumé

Objectif: Étudier des sources d’information sur la santé et des stratégies de diffusion de l’information dans la perspective d’une communauté inuite en milieu urbain pour mieux orienter les efforts de promotion de la santé.

Méthode: Par l’entremise d’un partenariat de collaboration avec le Centre de ressources pour la famille Tungasuvvingat Inuit, nous avons mené une série d’entretiens avec des informateurs clés et organisé des groupes de discussion afin de recueillir des données sur les sources précises d’information sur la santé, les stratégies de diffusion de cette information et les grands thèmes des processus d’information sanitaire.

Constatations: Les données recueillies ont permis de cerner différents types de sources d’information sur la santé et de stratégies de diffusion. Leurs grands thèmes étaient les suivants: l’importance de l’apprentissage visuel, des aînés de la communauté et des interprètes culturels; la cohésion communautaire; et la distinction entre Inuits et non-Inuits. Les sources d’information de base étaient des membres de la famille et de la communauté inuite. La principale stratégie de diffusion de l’information sanitaire était la communication directe, que ce soit dans le cadre d’entretiens individuels ou de séances en groupe.

Conclusion: Cette perspective communautaire des sources d’information sur la santé et des stratégies de diffusion de l’information montre qu’il existe des différences marquées par rapport aux modèles courants de promotion de la santé et de transmission du savoir. Les efforts de promotion de la santé doivent tenir compte des processus d’information distincts dans la communauté en question et tenter d’intégrer les sources d’information et les stratégies de diffusion existantes avec celles de la communauté.

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kelly E. McShane
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Janet K. Smylie
    • 1
    • 3
    • 4
  • Paul D. Hastings
    • 2
  • Carmel M. Martin
    • 5
  • Connie Siedule
    • 6
  • Eva Kigutaq
    • 6
  • Iga Attagutsiak
    • 6
  • Elders Qapik Attagutsiak
    • 6
  • Susanna Singoorie
    • 6
  • Kigutikajuk Shappa
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute of Population HealthUniversity of OttawaOttawaCanada
  2. 2.Centre for Research in Human Development and Department of PsychologyConcordia UniversityMontréalCanada
  3. 3.Indigenous Peoples Health Research CentreFirst Nations UniversityReginaCanada
  4. 4.Department of Community Health and EpidemiologyUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  5. 5.Clinical Sciences DivisionNorthern Ontario Medical SchoolOttawaCanada
  6. 6.Tungasuvvingat Inuit Family Resource CentreCanada

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