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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 101, Issue 1, pp 32–35 | Cite as

A Family Affair: Aboriginal Women’s Efforts to Limit Second-hand Smoke Exposure at Home

  • Joan L. BottorffEmail author
  • Joy L. Johnson
  • Joanne Carey
  • Peter Hutchinson
  • Debbie Sullivan
  • Roberta Mowatt
  • Dennis Wardman
Qualitative Research
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Abstract

Objective

The objective of this study was to explore factors influencing smoking in home environments and Aboriginal women’s efforts to minimize exposure for their children and themselves.

Methods

A community-based ethnographic research study conducted in the northwest region of BC with the Gitxsan First Nations. The study included individual interviews and focus groups with 26 women ranging in age from 17 to 35, key informants (n=15), elders (n=9), middle-age women (n=7), and youth (n=6) from six reserve communities.

Results

Women experienced unique challenges in establishing smoke-free homes. Themes identified that describe these challenges include social dimensions of smoking in extended families, and the structural and relational influences on women’s efforts to minimize household second-hand smoke to protect children’s health. Narratives also included stories of success in women’s efforts to reduce exposure to second-hand smoke.

Conclusion

Second-hand smoke presents a multifaceted challenge to Aboriginal women who are motivated to protect their health and the health of their children. Their efforts to implement smoke-free strategies in their homes should be supported.

Keywords

Aboriginal women cigarette smoking passive smoking tobacco smoke pollution family and household social environment 

Résumé

Objectif

Étudier les facteurs qui influencent le tabagisme dans les ménages et les efforts déployés par les femmes autochtones pour réduire leur exposition et celle de leurs enfants.

Méthode

Étude de recherche communautaire ethnographique menée dans le Nord-Ouest de la Colombie-Britannique auprès de membres de la Première nation gitksane. L’étude comportait des entretiens individuels et des discussions en groupe avec 26 femmes de 17 à 35 ans, des informateurs clés (n=15), des aînés (n=9), des femmes d’âge moyen (n=7) et des jeunes (n=6) dans six réserves.

Résultats

Les femmes avaient des obstacles particuliers à surmonter pour créer un milieu de vie sans fumée. Nous avons regroupé ces obstacles sous deux thèmes: les dimensions sociales du tabagisme dans les familles élargies, et les influences structurelles et relationnelles sur les efforts des femmes pour réduire la fumée secondaire dans leur ménage afin de protéger la santé des enfants. On nous a aussi relaté des efforts fructueux de certaines femmes pour réduire leur exposition à la fumée secondaire.

Conclusion

La fumée secondaire est un défi à plusieurs égards pour les femmes autochtones qui cherchent à protéger leur santé et celle de leurs enfants. Leurs efforts pour mettre en œuvre des stratégies d’interdiction de la fumée dans leur ménage méritent d’être appuyés.

Motsclés

femmes autochtones usage de la cigarette tabagisme passif pollution par la fumée de tabac famille ménage environnement social 

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joan L. Bottorff
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joy L. Johnson
    • 2
  • Joanne Carey
    • 1
  • Peter Hutchinson
    • 1
  • Debbie Sullivan
    • 3
  • Roberta Mowatt
    • 1
  • Dennis Wardman
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute for Healthy Living and Chronic Disease PreventionUniversity of British Columbia OkanaganKelownaCanada
  2. 2.School of NursingUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  3. 3.Gitsegukla Health Programs and ServicesGitseguklaCanada
  4. 4.First Nation Inuit Health Branch, Pacific RegionHealth CanadaVancouverCanada

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