Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 101, Issue 1, pp 5–6 | Cite as

Future Challenges to Health and Public Health Services in Canada

  • John Last
Invited Commentary


  1. 1.
    Last JM. The future of health and public health. Japanese J Public Health 1991;38:10,58-93.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Climate Change 2007: Synthesis Report of the Fourth Assessment Report. Geneva, 2008. Available at: (Accessed December 3, 2009).
  3. 2a.
    For details of impacts on Canada, see Seguin J (Ed.), Human Health in a Changing Climate: A Canadian Assessment of Vulnerabilities and Adaptive Capacity. Ottawa: Minister of Health, 2008. This report was commissioned by the Chrétien government; its release was delayed for some months by the Harper government, and it was eventually made public late on the Friday evening of a holiday weekend.Google Scholar
  4. 2b.
    For a concise and comprehensive account of how to tackle the climate change crisis, see Lancet and University College London Institute for the Global Health Commission: Managing the health effects of climate change. Lancet 2009;373:1693-733.Google Scholar
  5. 3.
    McMichael AJ, Campbell-Lendrum DH, Corvalan CF, Ebi KL, Githeko A, Scheraga JD, Woodward A (Eds). Climate Change and Human Health; Risks and Responses. Geneva: WHO, WMO, UNEP, 2003.Google Scholar
  6. 4.
    For statistics on refugees and internally displaced persons, see (Accessed December 3, 2009).
  7. 5.
    Dyer G. Climate Wars. Toronto, ON: Random House Canada, 2008.Google Scholar

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© The Canadian Public Health Association 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Last

There are no affiliations available

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