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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 96, Supplement 3, pp S42–S48 | Cite as

Les déterminants de la saine alimentation chez les Canadiens à faible revenu

  • Elaine M. PowerEmail author
Article

Résumé

Le présent article traite des déterminants de la saine alimentation chez les Canadiens à faible revenu en s’appuyant sur la documentation scientifique reliée à quatre sujets importants: a) les déterminants sociaux de la santé, b) les gradients socio-économiques de l’alimentation, c) la sécurité alimentaire et d) la sociologie des aliments. Bien qu’on observe actuellement une pénurie de données au Canada, il est fort probable que, tout comme dans les autres pays industrialisés, il existe des gradients socio-économiques de l’alimentation, à savoir que les personnes qui sont plus à l’aise financièrement ont une alimentation plus saine que les personnes qui le sont moins. À partir des données probantes disponibles, on peut supposer que le revenu influence la consommation alimentaire, à la fois directement et indirectement, en raison des circonstances entourant le fait d’occuper une certaine place dans l’échelle sociale. On suppose également l’existence de seuils, à la fois d’ordre économique et culturel, par rapport à certains groupes alimentaires ou aliments qui en font partie. Il est particulièrement important de comprendre le mode d’action de tels seuils si on veut résoudre les problèmes auxquels sont confrontés les personnes à faible revenu les plus vulnérables, à savoir celles qui souffrent d’insécurité alimentaire. Suite à la recherche bibliographique effectuée, on constate que les Canadiens à faible revenu éprouvent de la difficulté à améliorer leur alimentation en l’absence des conditions suivantes: a) une prise en compte simultanée des autres changements nécessaires à une amélioration de leur vie, b) une amélioration de l’alimentation des Canadiens et Canadiennes en général ou c) une combinaison de ces deux conditions. Nous avons identifié quatre principaux axes de recherche à explorer, à savoir: a) obtenir des données nationales sur les gradients socio-économiques de l’alimentation, b) mener des études sociologiques sur les interactions du revenu, de la classe sociale et de divers autres facteurs qui influencent les habitudes alimentaires, c) mener des études sociologiques sur les normes et cultures alimentaires au Canada et d) mener des études sur le coût d’une saine alimentation.

Mots clés

alimentation santé publique pauvreté sociologie médicale classe sociale 

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Health Studies Program, School of Physical and Health EducationQueen’s UniversityKingstonCanada

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