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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 89, Supplement 1, pp S58–S68 | Cite as

Cancers des enfants et contaminants de l’environnement

  • Mary L. McBrideEmail author
Article

Abrégé

Cet article passe en revue les études épidémiologiques existantes qui tentent d’établir les rapports entre le développement du cancer chez les enfants et les agents de l’environnement, plus particulièrement les substances chimiques, le rayonnement ionisant, les champs électromagnétiques de faible fréquence et les agents infectieux. Les expositions chimiques comprennent celles relatives aux médicaments et aux intoxicants, aux composantes de régime alimentaire, ainsi que les expositions secondaires aux substances chimiques industrielles et aux carcinogènes de l’environnement.

Le rayonnement ionisant est le seul facteur de risque bien établi pour ce qui est des cancers des enfants. On a constaté des associations suggestives d’un risque excédentaire de cancer infantile dans les cas d’exposition aux peintures, aux produits pétroliers, aux solvants, aux pesticides et aux métaux. On a rapporté un risque excédentaire de tumeurs cérébrales dans les cas d’ingestion de composants N-nitroso et des résultats positifs associant le risque de leucémie et les infections. Dans l’ensemble, les études portant sur le risque de cancer infantile d’une part et d’autre part la consommation d’alcool et le tabagisme des parents ont abouti à des résultats négatifs, alors que les incohérences et les risques généralement faibles rapportés par les études sur les champs électromagnétiques de faible fréquence ne permettent pas de conclure à une relation de cause à effet.

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cancer Control ResearchBritish Columbia Cancer AgencyVancouverCanada

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