Advertisement

Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 94, Issue 1, pp 22–24 | Cite as

Cigarette Use Among Canadian Undergraduates

  • Edward M. AdlafEmail author
  • Louis Gliksman
  • Andrée Demers
  • Brenda Newton-Taylor
Article

Abstract

Objective: To describe the prevalence of daily cigarette use among Canadian undergraduates. Estimates are also compared to earlier Ontario surveys.

Methods: Data are drawn from the Canadian Campus Survey, a national mail survey, conducted in the fall of 1998, with a random sample of 7,800 students from 16 universities.

Results: Overall, 17.1% reported daily cigarette smoking and 10.4% reported occasional smoking. Rates of daily smoking differed significantly by region (with rates above average among those attending university in the Atlantic and below average among those attending university in British Columbia and the Prairies), residence (those residing off campus without family reported the highest prevalence rate), and year of study (those in the final year typically reported lower rate of use).

Interpretation: University campuses represent an environment with potential gains to be made by tobacco control policies.

Résumé

Objectif: Décrire la prévalence de la consommation quotidienne de cigarettes chez les étudiants universitaires canadiens de premier cycle. Les estimés sont également comparés à des enquêtes ontariennes réalisées antérieurement.

Méthode: Les données proviennent du l’Enquête sur les campus canadiens, une enquête nationale effectuée par courrier au cours de l’automne 1998 auprès d’un échantillon aléatoire de 7 800 étudiants de 16 universités.

Résultats: Dans l’ensemble, 17,1% des répondants rapportent fumer la cigarette quotidiennement et 10,4 % ont déclaré être des fumeurs occasionnels. Le taux de fumeurs quotidiens diffère significativement selon la région (avec un taux supérieur à la moyenne nationale dans les Maritimes et inférieur en Colombie-Britannique et dans les Prairies), le lieu de résidence (ceux résidant à hors campus sans leurs parents rapportant la prévalence la plus élevée) et l’année d’étude en cours (ceux en dernière année d’études rapportant un taux inférieur d’usage du tabac).

Interprétation: Les campus universitaires représentent un environnement où des politiques de contrôle du tabac pouraient entraîner des gains en matière de tabagisme.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Johnston LD, O’Malley PM, Bachman JG. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975–1999: Volume II College Students and Adult Ages 19–40. Washington, DC: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2000.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wechsler H, Rigotti NA, Gledhill-Hoyt J, Lee H. Increased levels of cigarette use among college students: A cause for national concern. JAMA 1998;280:1673–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    O’Malley PM, Johnston LD. Epidemiology of alcohol and other drug use among American college students. J Studies on Alcohol 2002;Supplement 14:23–39.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Johnston LD, O’Malley PM, Bachman JG. Monitoring the Future. National Survey Results on Drug Use, 1975–1999: Volume I Secondary School Students. Washington, DC: National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2000.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wechsler H, Lee JE, Rigotti NA. Cigarette use by college students in smoke-free housing: Results of a national study. Am J Prev Med 2001;20:202–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ivis FJ, Adlaf EM. A comparison of trends in drug use among students in the United States and Ontario, Canada: 1975–1997. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy 1999;6:17–27.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Statistics Canada. Population 15 years and over by highest level of schooling, 1996 Census, Statistics Canada, 2002.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Adlaf EM, Paglia A. Drug Use Among Ontario Students, 1977-2001: Findings from the OSDUS. Toronto: Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2001.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Poulin C, Van Til L, Wilbur B, Clarke B, MacDonald CA, Barcelo A, et al. Alcohol and other drug use among adolescent students in Atlantic Provinces. Can J Public Health 1999;90:27–29.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Gliksman L, Demers A, Adlaf EM, NewtonTaylor B, Schmidt K. Canadian Campus Survey 1998. Toronto, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2000. Available online at http://www.camh.net/research/population_life_course.htmlGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Gliksman L, Engs R, Smythe C. The Drinking, Drug Use and Lifestyle Patterns of Ontario’s University Students. Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation, 1989.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Gliksman L, Newton-Taylor B, Adlaf EM, DeWit D, Giesbrecht N. University Student Drug Use and Lifestyle Behaviours: Current Patterns and Changes from 1988–1993. Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation, 1994.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    StataCorp. Stata Statistical Software: Release 6.0. College Station, TX: Stata Corporation, 1999.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Fleiss JL. Statistical Methods for Rates and Proportions. New York: Wiley, 1981.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Adlaf EM, Paglia A, Ivis FJ. Drug Use Among Ontario Students, 1977-1999: Findings from the OSDUS. Toronto, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 1999.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Adlaf EM, Bondy SJ. Smoking behaviour. In: Stephens T, Morin M (Eds.), Youth Smoking Survey, 1994: Technical Report, Cat No. H49-98/1-1994E. Ottawa, Minister of Supply and Services, 1996;37–58.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Health Canada. Smoking Behaviour of Canadians: 1.5 Profile of the Provinces, 1999.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Wechsler H, Kelley K, Seibring M, Kuo M, Rigotti NA. College smoking policies and smoking cessation programs: Results of a survey of college health center directors. J Am College Health 2001;49:1–8.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    University of Toronto Governing Council: Smoking Policy, 1995.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward M. Adlaf
    • 1
    Email author
  • Louis Gliksman
    • 2
  • Andrée Demers
    • 3
  • Brenda Newton-Taylor
    • 4
  1. 1.Centre for Addiction & Mental Health, and Department of Public Health SciencesUniversity of TorontoCanada
  2. 2.Prevention & Health Policy Research Centre for Addiction & Mental HealthUniversity of Western OntarioCanada
  3. 3.Department of SociologyUniversity of Montréaland Director, Health and Prevention Social Research GroupCanada
  4. 4.Centre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations