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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 93, Issue 3, pp 193–197 | Cite as

Predictors of Adolescent Self-rated Health

Analysis of the National Population Health Survey
  • Evelyn R. VingilisEmail author
  • Terrance J. Wade
  • Jane S. Seeley
Article

Abstract

Objective: To examine what factors predict adolescents’ concepts of their health.

Methods: The study, based on the longitudinal National Population Health Survey, included 1,493 adolescents who were 12–19 at the time of interview. Sex, age, grade, family structure, income, disability, chronic health problems, social supports, social involvement, school/work involvement, smoking, alcohol bingeing, physical activities, Body Mass Index (BMI) and psychological health status variables were examined. Using ordinal multivariate regression, self-rated health was regressed on all predictors, which were entered in blocks hierarchically.

Results: The analyses revealed that adolescent perceptions of health are framed not only by their physical health status, but also by personal, socio-environmental, behavioural and psychological factors. Specifically, health problems, disability, age, female status, lower income, smoking, and higher BMI were associated with lower self-rated health.

Conclusions: This study suggests that adolescent appraisals of their health are shaped by their overall sense of functioning, which includes both physical health and non-physical health dimensions.

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Evelyn R. Vingilis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Terrance J. Wade
    • 2
  • Jane S. Seeley
    • 3
  1. 1.The Population & Community Health Unit, Family MedicineThe University of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  2. 2.Institute for Health Policy & Health Services Research & the Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Cincinnati Medical CenterCincinnatiCanada
  3. 3.The Population & Community Health Unit, Family MedicineThe University of Western OntarioCanada

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