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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 92, Issue 2, pp 121–126 | Cite as

Heart Disease Risk Factor Prevalence and Profiles in a Randomized Community Sample of Canadian Women

  • Ronald C. PlotnikoffEmail author
  • Kylie Hugo
  • Natalie Cousineau
Article

Abstract

This study examined the prevalence and profiles of behavioural and biomedical risk factors of heart disease in a randomized community sample of 843 Canadian women. Sociodemographic characteristics were also examined to determine their association with women who have multiple primary risk factors versus risk factor-free women. A greater proportion of high-risk women (n=81) reported to have less education, lower income and employment levels and were more likely to live without a partner than women with no primary risk factors (n=135). These findings contribute to the understanding of the growing complexity of addressing heart health beyond lifestyle behaviours as articulated by the Victoria (1992), Catelonia (1995), Singapore (1998) and Women’s International (2000) Declarations on Heart Health. Public health planning should continue to address physical activity, smoking and dietary behaviours across age groups with a concentrated effort to target high-risk, socioeconomically disadvantaged women. Risk assessment for heart disease must also include sociodemographic characteristics for tailoring heart health programs in the community.

Résumé

Nous avons étudié la prévalence et le profil des facteurs de risque de cardiopathie liés au comportement et aux aspects biomédicaux d’un échantillon aléatoire de 843 Canadiennes vivant dans la collectivité. Nous avons également examiné les caractéristiques socio-démographiques, dont nous avons voulu déterminer les liens avec les femmes présentant plusieurs facteurs de risque primaires et avec celles n’en présentant aucun. Les femmes à risque élevé (n=81) étaient proportionnellement plus nombreuses à déclarer des niveaux d’instruction, de revenu et d’emploi inférieurs et plus susceptibles de vivre sans partenaire que les femmes ne présentant aucun facteur de risque primaire (n=135). Ces constatations jettent un nouvel éclairage sur la question de plus en plus complexe de la santé cardiovasculaire, au delà les habitudes de vie recensées dans les déclarations sur la santé cardiovasculaire de Victoria (1992), de Catalogne (1995) et de Singapour (1998) et la déclaration internationale des femmes (2000). Les planificateurs en santé publique doivent continuer à se pencher sur l’activité physique, le tabagisme et les habitudes alimentaires dans tous les groupes d’âges en concentrant leurs efforts sur les femmes à risque élevé, défavorisées sur le plan socio-économique. En outre, l’évaluation des risques de cardiopathie doit tenir compte des caractéristiques sociodémographiques pour que les programmes de santé cardiovasculaire soient adaptés aux différentes collectivités.

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ronald C. Plotnikoff
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Kylie Hugo
    • 4
  • Natalie Cousineau
    • 5
  1. 1.Centre for Health Promotion StudiesUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada
  2. 2.Alberta Centre for Well-BeingUniversity of AlbertaCanada
  3. 3.Faculty of Physical EducationUniversity of AlbertaCanada
  4. 4.Faculty of NursingUniversity of AlbertaCanada
  5. 5.Department of Epidemiology and Community MedicineUniversity of OttawaCanada

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