Advertisement

Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 102, Issue 1, pp 51–54 | Cite as

Trends in Farm Fatalities, Saskatchewan, Canada: 1990–2004

  • Syed M. Shah
  • Louise Hagel
  • Hyun Lim
  • Niels Koehncke
  • James A. Dosman
Quantitative Research

Abstract

Objectives

This study was conducted to estimate farm fatality rates and to describe patterns of fatal agricultural injury on Saskatchewan farms from 1990 to 2004.

Methods

We used data available from the Canadian Agricultural Injury Surveillance Program (CAISP) for farm work-related fatalities in Saskatchewan, Canada from January 1990 to December 2004.

Results

There were 251 farm work-related fatalities recorded between 1990 and 2004 in Saskatchewan. The majority (92%) of work-related fatalities were in males. The overall fatality rate was 11.9 (95% CI, 2.0–30.1) per 100,000. The overall age-adjusted work-related fatality rate was 32.1 (95% CI, 19.6–44.6) per 100,000 among males and 3.2 (95% CI, 1.3–5.1) per 100,000 among females. Age-adjusted rate increased from 29.3 (95% CI, 6.9–59.3) per 100,000 in 1990–1994 to 37.1 per 100,000 in 2000–2004 in males. Trend analysis of the fatality rate of all cases showed an average annual increase of 3.8% and it was statistically significant (p<0.05). Bystander and runover injuries contributed to a high proportion of fatalities in children (32.1%) and the elderly population (26.7%).

Conclusion

The burden of injury mortality is substantial and there has been a statistically significant upward trend in injury rate over the 15-year study period. High vigilance is needed on the part of adults to prevent a high proportion of runover injuries in children and the elderly population.

Key words

Injury surveillance farm fatality agriculture Saskatchewan 

Résumé

Objectifs

Estimer les taux et décrire la structure des accidents mortels survenus dans les exploitations agricoles de la Saskatchewan entre 1990 et 2004.

Méthode

Nos données sur les accidents agricoles mortels survenus en Saskatchewan, au Canada, entre janvier 1990 et décembre 2004 sont tirées du Programme canadien de surveillance des blessures en milieu agricole (PCSBMA).

Résultats

On a enregistré 251 accidents agricoles mortels entre 1990 et 2004 en Saskatchewan. La majorité (92 %) des accidents mortels liés au travail sont survenus chez des hommes. Le taux global d’accidents mortels était de 11,9 (IC de 95 %, 2,0–30,1) p. 100 000. Le taux global d’accidents du travail mortels rajusté selon l’âge était de 32,1 (IC de 95 %, 19,6–44,6) p. 100 000 chez les hommes et de 3,2 (IC de 95 %, 1,3–5,1) p. 100 000 chez les femmes. Le taux rajusté selon l’âge a augmenté, passant de 29,3 (IC de 95 %, 6,9–59,3) p. 100 000 en 1990- 1994 à 37,1 p. 100 000 entre 2000 et 2004 chez les hommes. L’analyse des tendances des taux d’accidents mortels, tous cas confondus, fait état d’une augmentation annuelle moyenne de 3,8 %, et cette hausse est significative (p<0,05). Les blessures de tiers et les écrasements ont contribué à la proportion élevée d’accidents mortels chez les enfants (32,1 %) et les personnes âgées (26,7 %).

Conclusion

Le fardeau des accidents mortels est considérable, et l’on observe un mouvement de hausse significatif dans les taux de blessures sur les 15 années de l’étude. Une stricte vigilance est de mise de la part des adultes pour prévenir une grande proportion des blessures liées aux écrasements chez les enfants et les personnes âgées.

Mots clés

accidents surveillance accidents agricoles mortels agriculture Saskatchewan 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Fatal Occupational Injuries–United States, 1980–1997. JAMA 2001;285(19):2440–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    United States Department of Labor. Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Summary, 2006. Available at: https://doi.org/www.bls.gov (Accessed January 2008).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pickett W, Hartling L, Brison RJ, Guernsey, JR. Fatal work-related farm injuries in Canada, 1991–1995. CMAJ 1999;160(13):1843–48.PubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Wigle D, Mao Y, Wong T, Lane R. Economic burden of illness in Canada, 1986. Chron Dis Can 1989;12(3) Suppl 1:1–37.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Peek-Asa C, Zwerling C, Stallones L. Acute traumatic injuries in rural populations. Am J Public Health 2004;94(10):1689–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Voaklander DC, Hartling L, Pickett W, Dimich-Ward H, Brison, RJ. Work-related mortality among older farmers in Canada. Can Fam Phys 1999;45:2903–10.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Statistics Canada. Agricultural Profile of Canada. Ottawa, ON: Minister of Industry, 2006.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Statistics Canada. Portrait of the Canadian Population in 2006, by Age and Sex, 2006 Census. Cat. No 97-551-XIE, 2007.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    The Conference Board of Canada. Healthy Provinces, Healthy Canadians: A Provincial Benchmarking Report. ISSN 0827-1070, ISBN 0-88763-720-5, 2006.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ahn YS, Bena JF, Bailer, AJ. Comparison of unintentional fatal occupational injuries in the Republic of Korea and the United States. Inj Prev 2004;10:199–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stout NA, Jenkins EL, Pizatella, TJ. Occupational injury mortality rates in the United States: Change from 1980 to 1989. Am J Public Health 1996;86:73–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Day, LM. Farm work related fatalities among adults in Victoria, Australia: The human cost of agriculture. Accid Anal Prev 1999;31(1-2):153–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Richardson D, Loomis D, Bailer AJ, Bena J. The effect of rate denominator source on US fatal occupational injury rate estimates. Am J Ind Med 2004;46(3):261–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Franklin RC, Mitchell RJ, Driscoll TR, Fragar, LJ. Agricultural work-related fatalities in Australia, 1989–1992. J Agric Saf Health 2001;7(4):213–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Meng R. How dangerous is work in Canada? Estimates of job-related fatalities in 482 occupations. J Occup Med 1991;33(10):1084–90.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Workplace Safety and Health; Fatal Occupational Injury Cost Model. CDC DHHS (NIOSH) Pub. No. 2006-151.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Boland M, Staines A, Fitzpatrick P, Scallan E. Urban-rural variation in mortality and hospital admission rates for unintentional injury in Ireland. Inj Prev 2005;11(1):38–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Rissanen P, Taattola K. Fatal injuries in Finnish agriculture, 1988–2000. J Agric Saf Health 2003;9(4):319–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Huston AF, Smith C. Farm accidents in Saskatchewan. CMAJ 1969;100:764–69.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Zentner J, Berg RL, Pickett W, Marlenga B. Do parents’ perceptions of risks protect children engaged in farm work? Prev Med 2005;40(6):860–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Marlenga B, Berg RL, Linneman JG, Brison RJ, Pickett W. Changing the child labor laws for agriculture: Impact on injury. Am J Public Health 2007;97(2):276–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    May JJ, Sorensen JA, Burdick PA, Earle-Richardson GB, Jenkins, PL. Rollover protection on New York tractors and farmers’ readiness for change. J Agric Saf Health 2006;12(3):199–213.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Pana-Cryan R, Myers, ML. Cost-effectiveness of roll-over protective structures. Am J Ind Med 2002;Suppl 2:68–71.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Syed M. Shah
    • 1
    • 2
  • Louise Hagel
    • 2
  • Hyun Lim
    • 3
  • Niels Koehncke
    • 2
  • James A. Dosman
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine & Health Sciences (FMHS)UAE UniversityAl AinUnited Arab Emirates
  2. 2.Canadian Centre for Health & Safety in AgricultureUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada
  3. 3.Department of Community Health and EpidemiologyUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada

Personalised recommendations