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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 91, Issue 6, pp 454–458 | Cite as

Job Stress and Burnout Among Canadian Managers and Nurses: An Empirical Examination

  • Muhammed JamalEmail author
  • Vishwanath V. Baba
Article

Abstract

This study examined the relationship of job stress with burnout and its three dimensions (emotional exhaustion, lack of accomplishment and depersonalization), job satisfaction, organizational commitment and psychosomatic health problems. Data were collected by means of a structured questionnaire from Canadian managers (N=67) and nurses (N=173). Pearson correlation and moderated multiple regression were used to analyze the data. Job stress was significantly correlated with overall burnout and its three dimensions and job satisfaction in both samples. In the nursing sample, job stress was also significantly correlated with psychosomatic health problems and organizational commitment. Moderated multiple regression only marginally supported the role of gender as a moderator of stress-burnout relationship.

Résumé

L’étude porte sur la relation entre le stress au travail et l’épuisement professionnel sous ses trois aspects (épuisement affectif, manque d’accomplissement et dépersonnalisation), la satisfaction au travail, l’identification envers l’organisation et les ennuis de santé psychosomatiques. Nous avons recueilli les données par la voie d’un questionnaire structuré administré à des gestionnaires (N = 67) et à des personnels infirmiers (N = 173) du Canada. Nous les avons analysées par corrélation de Pearson et par régression multiple modérée. Dans les deux échantillons, le stress au travail présentait une corrélation significative avec l’épuisement professionnel (général et sous ses trois aspects) et avec la satisfaction au travail. Dans l’échantillon des personnels infirmiers, le stress au travail présentait aussi une corrélation significative avec les ennuis de santé psychosomatiques et l’identification envers l’organisation. La régression multiple modérée n’appuyait que de façon marginale le rôle des différences hommes-femmes en tant qu’élément modérateur de la relation stress–épuisement professionnel.

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. of Management, Faculty of Commerce & AdministrationConcordia UniversityMontrealCanada

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