Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 91, Issue 6, pp 435–440 | Cite as

A Profile of Cardiovascular Disease in Northern Ontario: Public Health Planning Implications

  • Vic S. SahaiEmail author
  • Robert C. Barnett
  • Colette R. Roy
  • Shelley A. Stalker
  • Vinod N. Chettur
  • Shehnaz Alidina


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death in Northern Ontario and therefore considered an important issue. To this end, this paper examines CVD trends in Northern Ontario and the prevalence of known risk factors that give an insight into these trends. Ontario Health Survey 1990, Ontario Health Survey 1996, Canadian Institute for Health Information (1990–95) and Vital Statistics (1990–95) were examined. It was determined that CVD rates in Northern Ontario significantly exceeded those of the province. Further, high prevalence of modifiable risk factors, such as smoking, fat intake, physical inactivity and obesity are all experienced in Northern Ontario when compared to the province. Planning implications, as they relate to collaboration, delivery of services, determinants of health, multiple risk factors and monitoring and evaluation are also discussed.


Les maladies cardiovasculaires (MCV) sont l’une des principales causes de décès dans le nord de l’Ontario et, par conséquent, constituent un problème important. À cet effet, l’article examine les tendances des MCV dans le nord de l’Ontario et la prévalence des facteurs de risques connus qui permettent de mieux comprendre ces tendances. L’article a fait une analyse de l’Enquête sur la santé en Ontario de 1990, de l’Enquête sur la santé en Ontario de 1996, des données de l’Institut canadien de l’information sur la santé (1990–1995) et des Statistiques vitales (1990–1995). L’article établit que le taux des MCV dans le nord de l’Ontario dépasse largement la moyenne provinciale. De plus, l’article constate que, dans le nord de l’Ontario, il existe une forte prévalence de facteurs de risques modifiables comme le tabagisme, le régime riche en gras, l’inactivité physique et l’obésité comparativement à ce qu’on trouve en Ontario. L’article aborde également des questions reliées à la planification, à l’offre des services, aux déterminants de la santé, aux facteurs à risques multiples, à la surveillance des tendances et à l’évaluation.


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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vic S. Sahai
    • 1
    Email author
  • Robert C. Barnett
    • 1
  • Colette R. Roy
    • 1
  • Shelley A. Stalker
    • 1
  • Vinod N. Chettur
    • 1
  • Shehnaz Alidina
    • 2
  1. 1.Northern Health Information PartnershipSudburyCanada
  2. 2.SudburyCanada

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