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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 88, Issue 4, pp 280–285 | Cite as

Correlates of Condom Use in the Young Adult Population in Ontario

  • Margareth Kasenda
  • Liviana M. Calzavara
  • Ian Johnson
  • Michael LeBlanc
Article

Abstract

Objectives and Methods

Data from the Ontario Health Survey were used to identify sociodemo-graphic, lifestyle and sexual history characteristics associated with the use of condoms for protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in randomly selected adults between the ages of 16 and 44 years who had had two or more sexual partners in the 12 months before the survey (n = 2,699).

Results

Forty-two percent reported not having used condoms for protection against STDs. Those most likely to use condoms were 16 to 24 years of age, males, students, non-binge-drinkers, urban residents, and those at higher risk for HIV/AIDS. Of those who used condoms, 68% did not use them consistently. Individuals most likely to always use condoms were 16 to 24 years of age, males, students, non-binge-drinkers, and those with secondary school education. Age, gender, occupational activity, and non-binge-drinking were common correlates of both condom use and consistent use.

Conclusions

Public health messages should be focused on people with multiple sex partners who are not using condoms for STD protection, including rural residents, those with high levels of education, and those over 34 years of age.

Abrégé

Objectifs et méthodes

on s’est servi des données provenant de l’Enquête sur la santé en Ontario pour identifier les caractéristiques sociodémo-graphiques, de mode de vie et des antécédents sexuels associées à l’utilisation de condoms pour se protéger contre les maladies transmises sexuellement (MTS) chez des adultes choisis de façon aléatoire, âgés de 16 à 44 ans, qui avaient eu deux partenaires sexuels ou plus au cours des 12 mois précédant l’enquête (n = 2 699).

Résultats

Quarante deux pour cent des individus sondés ont déclaré ne s’être jamais servis d’un condom pour se protéger contre les MTS. Ceux présentant la plus grande probabilité d’utiliser un condom étaient des hommes âgés de 16 à 24 ans, étudiants, sans habitude de beuveries, résidant en milieu urbain et à risque plus élevé d’infection par le VIH/sida. Parmi les utilisateurs de condoms, 68 % ne les utilisaient pas de façon systématique. Les individus qui avaient le plus de probabilité de toujours utiliser un condom étaient des hommes âgés de 16 à 24 ans, étudiants, sans habitude de beuveries et ayant fait des études secondaires. L’âge, le genre, l’activité professionnelle et les beuveries sont apparus comme des corrélats communs tant à l’utilisation de condoms qu’à leur utilisation systématique.

Conclusions

Les messages de la santé publique doivent être dirigés sur les personnes ayant des partenaires multiples qui n’utilisent pas de condoms pour se protéger contre les MTS, notamment celles vivant en milieu rural, celles qui ont un haut niveau d’études et celles qui ont plus de 34 ans.

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Margareth Kasenda
    • 1
  • Liviana M. Calzavara
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ian Johnson
    • 1
    • 3
  • Michael LeBlanc
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Preventive Medicine and Biostatistics, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TorontoCanada
  2. 2.HIV Social, Behavioural and Epidemiological Studies Unit, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  3. 3.Public Health DepartmentCity of North YorkUSA
  4. 4.Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research CenterSeattleUSA

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