Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 90, Issue 5, pp 352–355 | Cite as

The Sociodemographic Predictors of Smoking Cessation Among Pregnant Women in Canada

  • Sarah K. Connor
  • Lynn McIntyreEmail author


This study examined the sociodemographic predictors of smoking cessation attempts among pregnant women, and compared the characteristics of women who successfully quit smoking during pregnancy with those who relapsed before their child was born. Data, which were derived from the National Longitudinal Survey of Children and Youth, indicate that 23.7% of Canadian mothers smoked at some point during their pregnancies, of whom only 15.8% attempted to quit. Maternal and paternal education were the strongest predictors of successful cessation, whereas women pregnant with their first child, those who drank during pregnancy, and those who immigrated to Canada were the most likely to relapse. This study represents an important first step in identifying Canadian women at highest risk of sustained smoking during pregnancy, and is useful for the design of effective interventions, tailored to meet their needs.


Cette étude décrit les caractéristiques socio-démographiques des femmes qui essaient d’arrêter de fumer durant leurs grossesses, celles qui réussissent à cesser de fumer et celles qui arrêtent mais recommencent avant que leurs enfants soient nés. L’information pour ce projet a été fournie par l’enquête longitudinale nationale du Canada sur les enfants et les jeunes, et révèle que 23,7 % de femmes canadiennes ont fumé durant leurs grossesses; parmi ces femmes seulement 15,8 % ont essayé de cesser. Les femmes et leurs époux avec des niveaux d’éducation plus avancés avaient la meilleure chance de réussir à abandonner leur dépendance alors que les femmes enceintes de leur premier enfant, celles qui buvaient pendant leur grossesse et celles qui ont immigré au Canada ont la plus grande probabilité de rechute. L’identification des femmes canadiennes qui sont en danger de fumer durant la grossesse est un pas important pour le développement d’interventions conçues pour satisfaire à leurs besoins.


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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Health and Human PerformanceDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada
  2. 2.Faculty of Health ProfessionsDalhousie UniversityHalifaxCanada

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