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Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 93, Issue 1, pp 54–58 | Cite as

Connaissances et perceptions des adolescents face à la santé dentaire

  • Mike BenigeriEmail author
  • Jean-Marc Brodeur
  • Marie Olivier
  • Christophe Bedos
Article

Résumé

Objectif

L’objectif de cette étude est de déterminer les connaissances et les perceptions liées à la santé dentaire chez les écoliers québécois de 13 à 14 ans.

Méthode

Pour cette étude, un échantillon provincial d’écoliers québécois de 13 à 14 ans a été constitué. Les élèves ont répondu à un questionnaire, spécifiquement conçu pour l’étude, comprenant 46 questions. Celui-ci a été complété par plus de 1 300 élèves, soit un taux de participation de 53,0 %.

Résultats

Les réponses des adolescents indiquent qu’ils connaissent l’importance des services dentaires et du brossage des dents dans la prévention de la carie. Par contre, leurs connaissances vis-à-vis de l’usage des agents de scellement et du fluor sont déficientes, voire erronées. Dans l’ensemble, les adolescents pensent que la prévention des maladies dentaires leur est accessible et qu’ils ont un rôle important à jouer. Toutefois, beaucoup considèrent quand même que la perte des dents est un processus normal lors du vieillisse-ment. La majorité des enfants évaluent de manière positive leur santé dentaire et on note que l’esthétique dentaire est un facteur plus important pour les enfants que la qualité de leurs dents. Enfin, environ le tiers des enfants sont anxieux face aux services dentaires.

Conclusion

L’étude des connaissances et des perceptions reliées à la santé dentaire chez les adolescents québécois montre que ces éléments sont fortement influencés par l’envi-ronnement physique et socioculturel. C’est à ce niveau qu’il faut intervenir afin que les enfants accordent plus d’importance à leur santé dentaire.

Abstract

Objective

The objective of this study was to measure knowledge and perception related to oral health in Quebec children.

Method

For this study, a provincial sample of Quebec adolescents, 13 to 14 years old, was set up. Adolescents answered a 46-item questionnaire, specifically designed for the study. The questionnaire was completed by over 1,300 adolescents (participation rate = 53.0%).

Results

The answers indicate that adolescents know the importance of toothbrushing and dental services utilization for dental caries prevention. However, their knowledge about dental sealant and fluoride is inadequate. Teenagers believe that they have a significant role to play in the prevention of dental diseases. However, many adolescents consider tooth loss to be a normal consequence of age. The majority of adolescents report their oral health as good. It is noted that dental aesthetics is a more significant factor for them than the quality of their teeth. Finally, dental care is a source of anxiety in one third of the adolescents.

Conclusion

The study of teenagers’ knowledge and perceptions related to oral health shows that these elements are strongly influenced by environment, norm and culture. To improve dental health concerns in teenagers, public health policies should concentrate on these elements.

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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mike Benigeri
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jean-Marc Brodeur
    • 2
  • Marie Olivier
    • 3
  • Christophe Bedos
    • 4
  1. 1.Groupe de recherche interdisciplinaire en santé de l’Université de MontréalMontréal (Québec)Canada
  2. 2.Département de médecine sociale et préventiveUniversité de MontréalCanada
  3. 3.Direction de la santé publique de Montréal-CentreCanada
  4. 4.Faculté de Médecine dentaire de l’Université McGillCanada

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