This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Government of Canada (Environment Canada & Health Canada). Canadian Environmental Protection Act. Priority Substances List Assessment Report. Cadmium and Its Compounds. Ottawa: Minister of Supply and Services Canada, 1994. Cat No. En 40-215/40E.
Archibald CP, Kosatsky T. Public health response to an identified environmental toxin: Managing risks to the James Bay Crée related to cadmium in caribou and moose. Can J Public Health 1991;82:22–26.
Crete M, Potvin F, Walsh P, et al. Pattern of cadmium contamination in the liver and kidneys of moose and white-tailed deer in Quebec. Sci Total Environ 1987;66:45–53.
Glooschenko V, Downes C, Frank R, et al. Cadmium levels in Ontario moose and deer in relation to soil sensitivity to acid precipitation. Sci Total Environ 1988;71:173–86.
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources. Natural Resources Minister warns Ontario hunters not to eat moose and deer kidney and liver. Newsrelease. Sept 17, 1986.
Watanabe T, Kasahara M, Nakatsuka H, Ikeda M. Cadmium and lead contents of cigarettes produced in various parts of the world. Sci Total Environ 1987;66:29–37.
Ontario Ministry of the Environment. Guide to Eating Ontario Sport Fish. 15th Edn. Toronto: Queen’s Printer of Ontario (& annual editions thereafter), 1991.
Kearney J, Cole DC, Haines D. Draft Report on the Great Lakes Anglers Pilot Exposure Assessment Study. Ottawa: Great Lakes Health Effects Program, Health Canada, 1995.
Knowles M. The determination of lead and cadmium in blood and of manganese and aluminum in serum. Varian Instruments at Work 1987;AA-76.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labour. Occupational exposure to cadmium; final rules. Federal Register 1992;57:42102–463.
SAS Institute Inc. SAS/STAT User’s Guide. Release 6.03 Edition, 1988.
Dewailly E, Laliberté C, Sauvé L, et al. La consommation des produits de la mer sur la Basse-Côte-Nord du Golfe St-Laurent: risques et bénéfices. Québec: Centre Hospitalier de l’Université Laval. Décembre, 1991.
Bennedetti J-L, Turcotte F, Lefebvre M, et al. Blood and urinary cadmium levels in Inuit living in Kuujjuaq, Canada. Sci Total Environ 1992;127:167–72.
Hovinga M, Sowers M, Humphrey HEB, et al. Environmental exposure and lifestyle predictors of lead, cadmium, PCB and DDT levels in Great Lakes fish eaters. Arch Environ Health 1993;48(2):98–104.
Watanabe T, Koizumi A, Fujita H, et al. Cadmium levels in the blood of inhabitants in nonpolluted areas in Japan with special reference to aging and smoking. Environ Res 1983;31:472–83.
Roels H, Bernard AM, Cárdenas A, et al. Markers of early renal changes induced by industrial pollutants. III Application to workers exposed to cadmium. Br J Ind Med 1993;50:37–48.
Hollenbach KA, Barrett-Connor E, Edelstein SL, Holbrook T. Cigarette smoking and bone mineral density in older men and women. Am J Public Health 1993;83(9):1265–70.
International Agency for Research on Cancer. Cadmium and cadmium compounds. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans: Supplement. Lyon, 1987:140–42.
This study weas supported by the Great Lakes Health Effects Program, Health Canada.
About this article
Cite this article
Cole, D.C., Kearney, J.P. Blood Cadmium, Game Consumption and Tobacco Smoking in Southern Ontario Anglers and Hunters. Can J Public Health 88, 44–46 (1997). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03403858