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Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 1043–1051 | Cite as

80a—Oscillation of Summer Rainfall over the East Part of China and East—Asian Summer Monsoon

  • Zhu JinhongEmail author
  • Wang Shaowu
Article

Abstract

Relationship between summer rainfall over the east part of China and East-Asian Summer Monsoon (EASM) was studied based on the summer rainfall grade data set from 1470 to 1999 and the rain gauge data set from 1951 to 1999 over the east part of China, and sea level pressure (SLP) data for the period of 1871–2000. A distinct 80a-oscillation of summer rainfall was found over North China (NC), southern part of Northeast China, over the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River (YR) and South China (SC). The 80a oscillation of summer rainfall over NC was varied in phase with that over SC, and was out of phase to that along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. Summer rainfall over NC correlated negatively with the SLP averaged for the area from 105’E to 120’E, and from 30’N to 35’N, but positively to that for the area from 120’E to !30’E, and from 20’N to 25’N. Therefore, an index of EASM was defined by the difference of averaged SLP over the two regions. The summer rainfall over NC was greater than normal when the EASM was strong, and while drought occurred along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River. The drought was found over NC, and flood along the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River when the EASM was close to normal. Finally, the interdecadal variability of EASM was studied by using of long term summer rainfall grade data set over NC for the past 530 years.

Key words

80a-oscillation Summer rainfall over the east part of China Summer East-Asian monsoon 

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Copyright information

© Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of GeophysicsPeking UniversityBeijingChina

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