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Advances in Atmospheric Sciences

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 937–949 | Cite as

Incorporating Stochastic Weather Generators into Studies on Climate Impacts: Methods and Uncertainties

  • Wu Jindong
  • Wang Shili
Article

Abstract

By adopting various stochastic weather generators, different research groups in their recent studies have realized the importance of the effects of climatic variability on crop growth and development. The conventional assessments derived climate change scenarios from General Circulation Models (GCMs) experiments, however, are incapable of helping to understand this importance. The particular interest here is to review the general methodological scheme to incorporate stochastic weather generator into climate impact studies and the specific approaches in our studies, and put forward uncertainties that still exist.

A variety of approaches have been taken to develop the parameterization program and stochastic experiment, and adjust the parameters of a typical stochastic weather generator called WGEN. Usually, the changes in monthly means and variances of weather variables between controlled and changed climate are used to perturb the parameters to generate the intended daily climate scenarios. We establish a parameterization program and methods for stochastic experiment of WGEN in the light of outputs of short-term climate prediction models, and evaluate its simulations on both temporal and spatial scales. Also, we manipulated parameters in relation to the changes in precipitation to produce the intended types and qualitative magnitudes of climatic variability. These adjustments yield various changes in climatic variability for sensitivity analyses. The impacts of changes in climatic variability on maize growth, final yield, and agro-climatic resources in Northeast China are assessed and presented as the case studies through the above methods.

However, this corporation is still equivocal due to deficiencies of the generator and unsophisticated manipulation of parameters. To detect and simulate the changes in climatic variability is one of the indispensable ways to reduce the uncertainties in this aspect.

Key words

Stochastic weather generator Climate impacts Climatic variability 

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Copyright information

© Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wu Jindong
    • 1
  • Wang Shili
    • 1
  1. 1.Chinese Academy of Meteorological SciencesBeijingChina

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