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Hormones

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 109–113 | Cite as

Aretaeus of Cappadocia and the first description of diabetes

  • Konstantinos Laios
  • Marianna Karamanou
  • Zenia Saridaki
  • George Androutsos
Historical note

Abstract

The name Aretaeus of Cappadocia has been linked with diabetes more than that of any other physician of antiquity, his texts forming a sophisticated synthesis of the previous knowledge on this disease copiously supplemented by his own observations. Gifted with a unique faculty for observing pathologic phenomena, he was able to elaborate upon earlier texts enriching them with his own original findings and numerous thoughtful reflections. Among the many diseases he dealt with, Aretaeus has bequeathed to us an outstandingly vivid and accurate description of diabetes.

Key words

Aretaeus of Cappadocia Diabetes Galen Soranus of Ephesus Diarrhea urinosa Dipsakon 

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Copyright information

© Hellenic Endocrine Society 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Konstantinos Laios
    • 1
  • Marianna Karamanou
    • 1
  • Zenia Saridaki
    • 2
  • George Androutsos
    • 1
  1. 1.History of Medicine Department, Medical schoolUniversity of AthensGreece
  2. 2.Laboratory of Tumor Cell Biology, Medical schoolUniversity of CreteHeraklionGreece

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