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Hormones

, Volume 12, Issue 1, pp 142–145 | Cite as

Maximinus Daia, a Roman emperor who may have had Graves’ disease and died of a thyrotoxic crisis

  • Peter D. Papapetrou
Historical note

Abstract

Evidence is presented that the Roman emperor Maximinus Daia had Graves’ disease and died of severe thyrotoxicosis. The information about this emperor’s terminal illness is drawn from the writings of the 4th century writers Eusebius and Lactantius. An existing statue indicates that the emperor had bilateral Graves’ ophthalmopathy.

Key words

Maximinus Daia Roman emperor Graves’ disease 

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References

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    Gibbon E. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. The Modern Library, New York. Published by Random House, Inc. 1970. Vol. 1, Chapter XIVGoogle Scholar
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    Eusebius. Ecclesiastical History, Book IX, Chapter X, 14–15. Translated by J.E.L.Oulton. Loeb Classical Library, Harvard university Press, Cambridge Mass, 1932.Google Scholar
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    Lactantius. Of the Manner in Which the Persecutors Died, trans. by. William Fletcher, https://doi.org/www.newadvent.org/fathers/0705.htm (accessed October 5, 2012).
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    Rees R, 1993 Images and image: a re-examination of Tetrarchic iconography. (284–311 Tetrarchic period of the Roman Empire). Greece & Rome (Second Series) 40: 181–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Hellenic Endocrine Society 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of EndocrinologyAlexandra HospitalAthensGreece

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