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Interceram - International Ceramic Review

, Volume 63, Issue 7–8, pp 386–392 | Cite as

Mechanical and Bioactivity Properties of Nano Ceramic Composite-Based Oxyapatite Materials

  • Hanan H. Beherei
  • Khaled R. Mohamed
  • Gehan T. El-Bassyouni
High-Performance Ceramics

Abstract

The aim of the present work was the preparation of nano ceramics made of hydroxyapatite composites. The influence of doping on the physical, mechanical and bioactivity properties of the hydroxyapatite (HA) was evaluated. The nanoparticle sizes of the prepared powders were confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). In-vitro bioactivity assays of the composites were evaluated in simulated body fluids (SBF). The results proved that the mechanical strength of the composites increased with an increment of MgO compared to other composites and even to pure HA. It was noticed that with increasing MgO concentration, the HA degradation gradually decreased and the formation of apatite was delayed. The addition of a small quantity of nano-SiO2 significantly improved the morphology and bioactivity of the materials. The stability and bioactivity of the HA composite was influenced by both dopant chemistry and is amount. Finally, was concluded that HA composites with low contents of nano-MgO are promising as biomaterials in medical applications, especially for load bearing sites.

Keywords

ceramics nanostructures mechanical testing biomaterials 

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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hanan H. Beherei
    • 1
    • 2
  • Khaled R. Mohamed
    • 2
  • Gehan T. El-Bassyouni
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Physics Dept., Faculty of ScienceEl-Taif UniversityTaifSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Biomaterials Dept.National Research CentreCairoEgypt
  3. 3.Medical Physics Dept., College of MedicineEl-Taif UniversityTaifSaudi Arabia

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