Advertisement

Interceram - International Ceramic Review

, Volume 63, Issue 4–5, pp 193–197 | Cite as

Synergistic Effect of Soda-Lime-Silica Glass and Porcelain Scrap on the Vitrification Behavior of Porcelanized Stoneware Tile

  • A. K. Oluseyi
  • Swapan Kumar Das
Building Materials

Abstract

Porcelain scrap, a by-product from the table ware industry, was gradually added to a soda-lime-silica scrap-glass-containing traditional porcelanized stoneware tile body replacing sand. The effect of this addition on the vitrification and physico-mechanical properties was studied by measuring the linear shrinkage, bulk density, apparent porosity, and flexural strength of the samples heated in the temperature range 1100–1250°C. The results revealed that the presence of both glass and porcelain scrap had beneficial effects in relation to vitrification at lower temperatures and development of higher flexural strength. The improvement in strength was mainly because of the formation of well-developed needle-shaped mullite crystals and stronger pre-stress caused by the difference in thermal expansion coefficient between the glassy matrix, quartz, and mullite during the cooling process. Circumferential cracking around quartz grains was observed in quartzitic sand-containing samples. XRD studies were also carried out to determine differences in phase evolution.

Keywords

tri-axial porcelain soda-lime-silica scrap glass porcelain scrap vitrification mullite cristobalite 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Enrico, B., Leonardo, E., Elisa, R., Antonella, T., Sandro, H.: Recycle of waste glass into glass-ceramic stoneware. J. Am. Ceram Soc. 91 (2008) [7] 2156–2162CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Johnson, C.D.: Waste glass as coarse aggregate for concrete. J. Testing and Evaluation 2 (1998) 344–350Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Paki, T.: Properties of masonry blocks produced with waste limestone sawdust and glass powder. Constr. and Build. Mater. 22 (2008) [7] 1422–1427CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Bernardo, E., Castellan, R., Hreglich, S., Lancellotti, I.: Sintered sanidine glass-ceramics from industrial wastes. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 26 (2006) [15] 3335–3341CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Alexander, K., Mario, P., Alessandro, H.: Sintered glass-ceramics from municipal solid waste-incinerator fly ashes. Part 1: The influence of the heating rate on the sinter-crystallisation. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 23 (2003) [6] 827–832CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Pontikes, Y., Christogerou, A., Angelopoulos, G.N., Rambaldi, E., Esposito, L., Tucci, A.: Use of scrap soda-lime-silica glass in traditional ceramics. Glass technology. Eur. J. Glass Sc. and Tech., Part A. 46 (2005) [7] 200–206Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Tucci, A., Esposito, L., Rastelli, E., Palmonari, C., Rambaldi; E.: Use of soda-lime scrap glass as a fluxing agent in a porcelain stoneware tile mix. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 24 (2004) 83–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Matteucci, F., Dondi, M., Guarini, G.: Effect of soda lime glass on sintering and technological properties of porcelain stone ware tiles. Ceram. Int. 28 (2002) 873–880CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Dondi, M., Marsigli, M., Fabbri, B.: Recycling of industrial and urban wastes in brick production — A review (Part 1). Tile and Brick Int. 13 (1997) [3] 218–225Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Dondi, M., Marsigli, M., Fabbri, B.: Recycling of industrial and urban wastes in brick production — A review (Part 2). Tile and Brick Int. 13 (1997) [4] 302–315Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Oluseyi, A.K.: Development of ceramic matrix composite for structural application using industrial waste. Post Doctoral study report under CSIR-TWAS scholarship programme, (2013)Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Karamanov, A., Karamanova, E., Ferrari, M.A., Ferrante, F., Pelino, M.: The effect of fired scrap addition on the sintering behaviour of hard porcelain. Ceram. Int. 32 (2006) 727–732CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Agote, I., Odriozola, A., Gutierrez, M., Santamaria, A., Quintanilla, J., Coupelle, P., Soares, J.: Rheological study of waste porcelain feed stocks for injection molding. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 21 (2001) 2843–2853CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Dana, K., Das, S.K.: Partial substitution of feldspar by BF slag in tri-axial porcelain: Phase and microstructural evolution. J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 24 (2004) 3833–3839CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Dana, K., Dey, J., Das, S.K.: Das; Synergistic effect of fly ash and BF slag on the mechanical strength of traditional porcelain tiles. Ceram. Int. 31 (2005) 147–152CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Hillebrand, W.F., Lundell, G.E.F., Bright, H. A., Hoffman, J.I.: Applied Inorganic Analysis, 2nd ed. John Wiley & Sons, New York (1953) 507–511Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Magghussian, V.K., Yekta, B.E.: Single fast fired wall tiles containing Iranian iron slag. Br. Ceram. Trans. 93 (1994) [4] 141–145Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    Fiori, C., Brusa; A.: in Ceramic Powders, edited by Vincenzini, P., Elsevier Scientific, Amsterdam, Oxford, New York (1983) 161–172Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Dana, K., Das, S.K.: High strength ceramic tiles containing Indian metallurgical slag. J. Mat. Sci. Lett. 22 (2003) [5] 387–389CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Dana, K., Das, S.K.: Some studies on ceramic body composition for wall and floor tiles. Trans. Ind. Ceram. Soc. 61 (2002) [2] 83–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Zsolnay, L.M.: Mechanical strength of porcelain. J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 40 (1957) [9] 299–306CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Depart. of Industrial Chemistry, College of Science & TechnologyCovenant UniversityOtaNigeria
  2. 2.Refractory DivisionCSIR-Central Glass & Ceramic Research InstituteKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations