The Psychological Record

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 233–240 | Cite as

Satisfaction with Life and Hope: A Look at Age and Marital Status

  • Thomas C. Bailey
  • C. R. Snyder


The Adult Trait Hope Scale (Snyder et al., 1991) typically has been administered to samples of college students, and previous researchers have not explored key demographic variables. In a large sample of community persons who were not in college (N = 215), significant differences were detected in Hope Scale scores across differing age groups and marital status. Specifically, hope was lower for the older cohort (age 54–65) and for those who were separated, divorced, or widowed. Comparative results between Hope and Satisfaction with Life measures indicate somewhat similar outcomes, except with age. These findings are discussed.


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Copyright information

© Association of Behavior Analysis International 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas C. Bailey
    • 1
  • C. R. Snyder
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Maryland Univesity CollegeAdelphiUSA
  2. 2.University of KansasLawrenceUSA

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