Historical Archaeology

, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp 74–89 | Cite as

Time, Seasonality, and Trade: Swedish/Finnish-Sámi Interactions in Early Modern Lapland

  • James Symonds
  • Timo Ylimaunu
  • Anna-Kaisa Salmi
  • Risto Nurmi
  • Titta Kallio-Seppä
  • Tiina Kuokkanen
  • Markku Kuorilehto
  • Annemari Tranberg


Recent theoretical debates have identified time as a key area for research by historical archaeologists. In this paper we present evidence from Tornio, in northern Finland, and suggest that the early-17th-century colonists who founded this town developed a multidimensional conception of time that varied according to context and allowed deeply held folk beliefs to coexist alongside Lutheran doctrines and also facilitated seasonal trade with the indigenous Sami people in the upper reaches of Lapland.


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Copyright information

© Society for Historical Archaeology 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • James Symonds
    • 1
  • Timo Ylimaunu
    • 2
  • Anna-Kaisa Salmi
    • 2
  • Risto Nurmi
    • 2
  • Titta Kallio-Seppä
    • 3
  • Tiina Kuokkanen
    • 2
  • Markku Kuorilehto
    • 4
  • Annemari Tranberg
    • 2
  1. 1.ACASA Department of ArchaeologyUniversity of AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Archaeology Faculty of HumanitiesUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  3. 3.University of Oulu Graduate SchoolUniversity of OuluOuluFinland
  4. 4.University of Oulu Teacher Training School, Faculty of EducationUniversity of OuluOuluFinland

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