Ground-Penetrating Radar Techniques to Discover and Map Historic Graves
- 51 Downloads
Ground-penetrating radar is a geophysical technique that can be used to identify and map features commonly associated with historic graves, including intact or partially collapsed coffins and vertical shafts. Data are collected by moving radar antennas that transmit pulses of energy into the ground along parallel transects within grids, recording reflections of those pulses from significant discontinuities within the ground. Visual analysis of radar reflection profiles can be used to identify both coffins and the vertical shaft features commonly associated with human burials. Spatial analysis of the reflection amplitudes within a grid consisting of many profiles (when converted to depth using site-specific velocities) produces three-dimensional maps of these burial features. The identification and mapping of graves can identify remains for possible excavation and study, and the results can also be used for statistical and spatial analysis when integrated with historical records. If identified by these methods, previously unidentified graves can be preserved in areas threatened by construction or erosion.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Barrett, William, and Theodore Besterman 1968 The Divining Rod: An Experimental and Psychological Investigation. University Books, New Hyde Park, NY.Google Scholar
- Bevan, Bruce, and Jeffrey Kenyon 1975 Ground-Penetrating Radar for Historical Archaeology. MASCA Newsletter 11(2):2–7.Google Scholar
- Boddington, A., A. N. Garland, and R. C. Janaway (editors) 1987 Death, Decay, and Reconstruction: Approaches to Archaeology and Forensic Science. Manchester University Press, Manchester, England.Google Scholar
- Conyers, Lawrence B. 2004 Ground-Penetrating Radar for Archaeology. AltaMira Press, Walnut Creek, CA.Google Scholar
- Conyers, Lawrence B., E. G. Ernenwein, and Leigh-Ann Bedal 2002 Ground-Penetrating Radar (GPR) Mapping as a Method for Planning Excavation Strategies, Petra, Jordan. Society for American Archaeology E-tiquity 1 <http://e-tiquity.saa.org/Etiquity/title1.html> May 2002.
- Crissman, James K. 1994 Death and Dying in Central Appalachia: Changing Attitudes and Practices. University of Illinois Press, Urbana.Google Scholar
- Davis, J. Les, J. Alan Heginbottom, A. Peter Annan, S. Rod Daniels, B. Peter Berdal, Tom Bergan, Kirsty E. Duncan, Peter K. Lewin, John S. Oxford, Noel Roberts, John J. Skehel, and Charles R. Smith 2000 Ground-Penetrating Radar Surveys to Locate 1918 Spanish Flu Victims in Permafrost. Journal of Forensic Science 45(1):68–76.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Farrell, James J. 1980 Inventing the American Way of Death, 1830–1920. Temple University Press, Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
- Goodman, D., Y. Nishimura, and J. D. Rogers 1995 GPR Time-Slices in Archaeological Prospection. Archaeological Prospection 2(2):85–89.Google Scholar
- Goodman, Jeffrey 1977 Psychic Archaeology: Time Machine to the Past. Berkeley Publishing, New York, NY.Google Scholar
- Imaizumi, Masataka 1974 Locating Buried Bodies. F.B.I. Law Enforcement Bulletin 43(8):2–5.Google Scholar
- Killam, Edward W. 1990 The Detection of Human Remains. Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, IL.Google Scholar
- Simmons, G., D. W. Strangway, L. Bannister, R. Baker, D. Cubley, G. La Torraca, and R. Watts 1972 The Surface Electrical Properties Experiment. In Lunar Geophysics: Proceedings of a Conference at the Lunar Science Institute, Houston, Texas, 18–21 October 1971, Z. Kopal and D. W. Strangway, editors, pp. 258–271. D. Reidel Publishing, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
- Sloan, Charles David 1995 The Last Great Necessity: Cemeteries in American History. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, MD.Google Scholar
- Stern, W. 1929 Versuch einer elektrodynamischen Dickenmessung von Gletschereis. Ger. Beitr. zur Geophysik 23: 292–333.Google Scholar
- Vickers, Roger, Lambert Dolphin, and David Johnson 1976 Archaeological Investigations at Chaco Canyon Using Subsurface Radar. In Remote Sensing Experiments in Cultural Resource Studies, Thomas R. Lyons, editor, pp. 81–101. Reports of the Chaco Center, No. 1. Chaco Center, National Park Service, and University of New Mexico, Albuquerque.Google Scholar