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Historical Archaeology

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 47–58 | Cite as

Urban/rural contrasts in vertebrate fauna from the Southern Atlantic coastal plain

  • Elizabeth J. Reitz
Article

Abstract

A review of archaeological faunal data from urban and rural settings on the southern Atlantic coastal plain indicates that contrasts in these collections reflect the urban or non-urban setting of each site within this natural setting. These contrasts may be seen in the data despite probable differences in socioeconomic status of the sites’ occupants. Apparently, urban households consumed more meat from domestic animals than did rural households, regardless of social status. Rural faunal deposits are more diverse than urban ones and contained large amounts of fish instead of domestic animals. Data for this analysis are taken from 16 archaeological sites excavated at Charleston, South Carolina; Savannah, Georgia; St. Simons Island, Georgia; and elsewhere on the Georgia coast. The combined samples contained 1576 individuals from sites occupied between the mid-18th century and the mid-19th century.

Keywords

Wild Bird Urban Site Rural Site Historical Archaeology Faunal Remains 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Society for Historical Archaeology 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elizabeth J. Reitz
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of GeorgiaAthensUSA

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