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Historical Archaeology

, Volume 27, Issue 4, pp 82–91 | Cite as

The importance of aspect to historic farmstead site location in the green mountains of vermont

  • Peter B. Mires
Article

Abstract

Historic upland farmstead sites, common to the cultural landscape of the Green Mountains of Vermont, constitute a rich source of data for the historical archaeologist. Although most structures are now in ruin amid regenerating northern hardwood forest, they still retain integrity in terms of physical location. Environmental variables such as elevation, slope, aspect, and soils, all important determinants to a predominantly 19th-century agrarian settlement, are still associated with site location. This article examines the role of one important physical factor, aspect, in the selection of 200 historic farmstead locations. Viewed from the position of ecological anthropology, it appears that farmers in Vermont’s Green Mountains possessed a folk wisdom about solar energy and put it into practice with respect to the location of their farmhouses, fields, and pastures.

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Copyright information

© Society for Historical Archaeology 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter B. Mires
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of Minnesota, DuluthDuluthUSA

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