Advertisement

Early family mealtime experiences and eating attitudes in normal weight, underweight and overweight females

  • J. Worobey
Original Research Paper

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine young women’s recollections of family mealtimes in order to determine whether these memories may serve to differentiate those of normal weight from those who were underweight or overweight. A sample of 340 women selected on the basis of their enrollment in a college course completed the Childhood Family Mealtimes Questionnaire and the short form of the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT). The women were divided into under, normal and overweight groups on the basis of their body mass index (BMI). Two factors (appearance-weight control and emphasis on mother’s weight) were significantly higher among the overweight than the underweight women, and mealtime communication-based stress was highest among the underweight women. The use of family mealtimes as a window for understanding the development of eating disorders (ED) is discussed.

Key words

Family mealtimes eating attitudes BMI 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Bourland G.N.: Eating disorders and the family. The Counselor, 14, 8–11, 1996.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Attie I., Brooks-Gunn J.: The development of eating regulation across the lifespan. In: Cicchetti D., Cohen D.J. (Eds.), Developmental psychopathology, New York, NY, John Wiley, 1995, vol. 2. pp.332–368.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Humphrey L.L.: Observed family interactions among subtypes of eating disorders using structural analysis of social behavior. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol., 57, 206–214, 1989.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Minuchin S., Rosman B.L., Baker L.: Psychosomatic families: Anorexia nervosa in context. Cambridge, Harvard University Press, 1978.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Wonderlich S.: Relationship of family and personality factors in bulimia. In: Crowther J.H., Tennenbaum D.L., Hobfoll S.E., Stephens M.A.P. (Eds.), The etiology of bulimia nervosa: The individual and familial context. Washington, Hemisphere, 1992, pp.103–126.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Marcus D., Weiner M.: Anorexia nervosa reconceptualized from a psychosocial transactional perspective. Am. J. Orthopsychiatry, 59, 346–354, 1989.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    LeGrange D., Eisler I., Dare C., Hodes M.: Family criticism and self-starvation: A study of expressed emotion. J. Fam. Therapy, 14, 177–192, 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Johnson C., Flach A.: Family characteristics of 105 patients with bulimia. Am. J. Psychiatry, 142, 1321–1324, 1985.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ordman A.M., Kirschenbaum D.S.: Bulimia: Assessment of eating, psychological adjustment and familial characteristics. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 5, 865–878, 1986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Humphrey L.L.: A sequential analysis of family processes in anorexia and bulimia. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 5, 223–232, 1986.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sights J.R, Richards H.C.: Parents of bulimic women. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 3, 3–13, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Strober M., Humphrey L.L.: Familial contributions to the etiology and course of anorexia nervosa and bulimia. J. Consult. Clin. Psychol., 55, 654–659, 1987.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bruch H.: Social and emotional factors in diet changes. J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 63, 461–465, 1961.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Bruch H.: Family transactions in eating disorders. Compr. Psychiatry, 12, 238–248, 1971.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hertzler A.A.: Obesity-impact of the family. J. Am. Diet. Assoc., 79, 525–530, 1981.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kinston W., Miller L., Loader P., Wolff O.H.: Revealing sex differences in childhood obesity by using a family systems approach. Fam. Systems Med., 8, 371–386, 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Hill A.J., Weaver C., Blundell J.E.: Dieting concerns of 10-year-old girls and their mothers. Br. J. Clin. Psychol., 29, 346–348, 1990.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ruther N.M., Richman C.L.: The relationship between mothers’ eating restraint and their children’s attitudes and behaviors. Bull. Psychonomic Society, 31, 217–220, 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Pike K.M., Rodin J.: Mothers, daughters, and disordered eating. J. Abnorm. Psychol., 100, 198–204, 1991.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Johnson S.L., Birch L.L.: Parents’ and children’s adiposity and eating style. Pediatrics, 94, 653–661, 1994.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gable S., Lutz S.: Household, parent, and child contributions to childhood obesity. Family Relations, 49, 293–300, 2000.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Bruch H.: Hunger and instinct. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis., 149, 95–100, 1969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Miller D.A.F., McCluskey-Fawcett K.M., Irving L.M.: Correlates of bulimia nervosa: Early family mealtime experiences. Adolescence, 28, 621–633, 1993.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th ed.), Washington, Am. Psychiatr. Assoc., 1994.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Boskind-White M., White W.C.: Bulimarexia: The binge-purge cycle. New York, W.W. Norton, 1983.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Bruch H.: Eating disorders: Obesity, anorexia and the person within. New York, Basic Books, 1973.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Powers P.S.: Obesity: The regulation of weight. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1980.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Garner D.M., Garfinkel P.E.: The Eating Attitudes Test: An index of the symptoms of anorexia nervosa. Psychol. Med., 9, 273–279, 1979.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Thompson M.G., Schwartz D.M.: Life adjustment of women with anorexia nervosa and anorexic-like behavior. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 1, 47–60, 1982.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Garner D.M., Olmsted M.P., Bohr Y., Garfinkel P.E.: The Eating Attitudes Test: Psychometric features and clinical correlates. Psychol. Med., 12, 871–878, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Editrice Kurtis 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Worobey
    • 1
  1. 1.Rutgers UniversityNew BrunswickUSA

Personalised recommendations