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International Journal of Thermophysics

, Volume 15, Issue 4, pp 687–697 | Cite as

Critical scaling laws and a classical equation of state

  • A. van Pelt
  • G. X. Jin
  • J. V. Sengers
Article

Abstract

In this paper we present a method which modifies a classical equation of state by incorporating the nonclassical critical behavior. As an example we have applied our procedure to the Carnahan-Starling-DeSantis (CSD) equation of state. The resulting equation reproduces the universal scaling behavior near the critical point and reduces to the universal ideal-gas behavior at low densities. We show that the renormalized CSD equation yields an improved and consistent representation of both mechanical and caloric thermodynamic properties. In addition, the suppression of the critical temperature due to the critical fluctuations is clearly demonstrated.

Key words

Carnahan-Starling equation coexistence curve critical phenomena equation of state R 134a thermodynamic properties 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. van Pelt
    • 1
  • G. X. Jin
    • 1
  • J. V. Sengers
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute for Physical Science and TechnologyUniversity of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.Thermophysics DivisionNational Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA

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