Journal of Endocrinological Investigation

, Volume 30, Issue 5, pp 404–410 | Cite as

Goiter rate, serum thyrotropin, thyroid autoantibodies and urinary iodine concentration in Tehranian adults before and after national salt iodization

Original Articles


Goiter rate, serum TSH, antithyroperoxidase (TPOAb), antithyroglobulin (TgAb) antibodies, and urinary iodine concentration (UIC) were evaluated 10–11 yr prior (1983–1984) and 5–6 yr after (1999–2000) national salt iodization in Iran. Pre- and post-iodization groups consisted of 465 and 1426 adults aged ⁥20 yr, respectively, selected by random cluster sampling in Tehran province. Total, grade 1 and grade 2 goiter rates were 65.2, 53.1, and 12.1 % in 1983–1984 vs 25.2, 15.5, and 9.7% in 1999–2000 (p<0.0001). Median serum TSH was 1.5 mIU/l in 1983–1984 vs 0.8 mIU/l in 1999–2000 (p<0.0001). Median TSH also decreased in 20–29, 30–39, 40–49, 50–59, and ⁥60yr-adults in 1983–1984 vs 1999–2000 (p<0.0001). In 1983–1984, positive TPOAb and positive TgAb were detected in 3.2 and 4%, respectively, using agglutination test. Corresponding values were 12.5 and 16.8% using immunoenzymometric assay in 1999–2000. Overt and subclinical hypothyroidism was present in 0 and 32.8/1000 in 1983–1984 vs 3.5 and 21.7/1000 in 1999–2000, respectively. Overt and subclinical hyperthyroidism was detected in 4.4 and 4.4/1000 in 1983–1984 vs 0.7 and 5.6/1000 in 1999–2000, respectively. Subclinical hypothyroidism in males was significantly more frequent in 1983–1984 vs 1999–2000 (odds ratio 5.02, 95% confidence interval 1.72–14.68; p=0.004). Salt iodization resulted in adequate UIC, decrease in serum TSH and subclinical hypothyroidism in males, and an increase in thyroid autoantibodies without significant change in thyroid abnormalities. Benefits of iodine supplementation far outweigh its hazards in Tehranian adults.


Thyrotropin thyroid autoantibodies thyroid hormones urinary iodine goiter smoking 


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Copyright information

© Italian Society of Endocrinology (SIE) 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Endocrinology and MetabolismTehran University of Medical SciencesIran
  2. 2.Endocrine Research CenterShaheed Beheshti University of Medical SciencesTehranIran

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