Heavy metal contamination and its indexing approach for river water

  • R. RezaEmail author
  • G. Singh


The objective of the study is to reveal the seasonal variations in the river water quality with respect to heavy metals contamination. To get the extend of trace metals contamination, water samples were collected from twelve different locations along the course of the river and its tributaries on summer and the winter seasons. The concentrations of trace metals such as cadmium, cromium, copper, cobalt, iron, manganese, nickel, lead, mercury and zinc were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Most of the samples were found within limit of Indian drinking water standard (IS: 10500). The data generated were used to calculate the heavy metal pollution index of river water. The mean values of HPI were 36.19 in summer and 32.37 for winter seasons and these values are well below the critical index limit of 100 because of the sufficient flow in river system. Mercury and chromium could not be traced in any of the samples in the study area.


Heavy metal pollution index Industrial pollution Seasonal variation 


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Copyright information

© Islamic Azad University 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and EngineeringIndian School of MinesJharkhandIndia

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