Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 181–187

Risk of mortality and predisposing factors after osteoporotic hip fracture: a one-year follow-up study

  • Marta González-Rozas
  • José Luis Pérez-Castrillón
  • Manuel González-Sagrado
  • Marta Ruiz-Mambrilla
  • Manuel García-Alonso
Original article

DOI: 10.1007/BF03325163

Cite this article as:
González-Rozas, M., Pérez-Castrillón, J.L., González-Sagrado, M. et al. Aging Clin Exp Res (2012) 24: 181. doi:10.1007/BF03325163

Abstract

Background and aims: To determine mortality and predisposing factors in patients with fracture of the proximal femur, one year after the initial fracture, in a tertiary hospital in Castile and Leon (Spain). Methods: Observational case-control study. Patients aged ≥65 years admitted to the orthopedic surgery department of the Rio Hortega Hospital, a tertiary care hospital with approximately 560 beds, due to non-traumatic hip fracture between September 2005 and November 2006, were included. An age-matched control group of 81 institutionalized patients with similar characteristics was recruited. A protocolized telephone interview and a review of hospital medical records was made at 12 months followup. Results: Of the 170 patients recruited, the final analysis was made in 139: 121 (87.1%) women and 18 (12.9%) men. The control group was formed of 81 patients: 64 (79%) women and 17 (21%) men. Mortality was 41.7% in the study group and 2.5% in controls (p; 0.001). Mortality was 31% in month 1, 24.1% between months 2 and 6 and 29.3% between months 6 and 12 (in 15.6% the date of death was unknown). Factors associated with mortality were: age >86 years (p; 0.024); prior cognitive deterioration (p; 0.011); prior locomotor disorder (p; 0.047); male gender (p; 0.017); heart disease (p; 0.042). Conclusions: Patients with hip fracture, had substantially higher mortality than comparable healthy people, and mortality was highest in the first six months after fracture. Age and prior comorbidities were associated with excess mortality.

Key words

Hip fracture mortality predisposing factors osteoporosis 

Copyright information

© Springer Internal Publishing Switzerland 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marta González-Rozas
    • 1
  • José Luis Pérez-Castrillón
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Manuel González-Sagrado
    • 2
    • 3
  • Marta Ruiz-Mambrilla
    • 4
  • Manuel García-Alonso
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Internal MedicineValladolidSpain
  2. 2.Institute of EndocrinologyUniversidad de ValladolidSpain
  3. 3.RETICEFSpain
  4. 4.Centro Médico de Rehabilitación y Lenguaje de ValladolidSpain
  5. 5.Orthopedic Surgery DepartmentHospital Rio HortegaValladolidSpain

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