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Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

, Volume 20, Issue 1, pp 67–75 | Cite as

A randomized controlled trial of fall prevention by a high-intensity functional exercise program for older people living in residential care facilities

  • Erik Rosendahl
  • Yngve Gustafson
  • Ellinor Nordin
  • Lillemor Lundin-Olsson
  • Lars Nyberg
Original Article

Abstract

Background and aims: Falls are particularly common among older people living in residential care facilities. The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effectiveness of a high-intensify functional exercise program in reducing falls in residential care facilities. Methods: Participants comprised 191 older people, 139 women and 52 men, who were dependent in activities of daily) living. Their mean±SD score on the Mini-Mental State Examination was 17.8±5.1 (range 10–30). Participants were randomized to a high-intensity functional exercise program or a control activity, consisting of 29 sessions over 3 months. The fall rate and proportion of participants sustaining a fall were the outcome measures, subsequently analysed using negative binominal analysis and logistic regression analysis, respectively. Results: During the 6-month follow-up period, when all participants were compared, no statistically significant differences between groups were found for fall rate (exercise group 3.6 falls per person years [PY], control group 4.6 falls per PY), incidence rate ratio (95% CI) 0.82 (0.49−1.39), p=0.46, or the proportion of participants sustaining a fall (exercise 53%, control 51%), odds ratio (95% CI) 0.95 (0.52−1.74), p=0.86. A subgroup interaction analysis revealed that, among participants who improved their balance during the intervention period, the exercise group had a lower fall rate than the control group (exercise 2.7 falls per PY, control 5.9 falls per PY), incidence rate ratio (95% CI) 0.44 (0.21−0.91), p=0.03. Conclusions: In older people living in residential care facilities, a high-intensity functional exercise program may prevent falls among those who improve their balance.

Keywords

Accidental falls/prevention and control aged exercise frail elderly randomized controlled trials residential facilities 

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Copyright information

© Springer Internal Publishing Switzerland 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erik Rosendahl
    • 1
    • 2
  • Yngve Gustafson
    • 1
  • Ellinor Nordin
    • 1
  • Lillemor Lundin-Olsson
    • 1
  • Lars Nyberg
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Geriatric Medicine and PhysiotherapyUmeå UniversityUmeå
  2. 2.Department of Health Sciences, Physiotherapy UnitLuleå University of TechnologyLuleåSweden

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