The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences

, Volume 57, Issue 3, pp 561–577 | Cite as

Lunar Analytical Theory for Polar Orbits in a 50-Degree Zonal Model Plus Third-Body Effect

  • Martin Lara
  • Sebastián Ferrer
  • Bernard De Saedeleer


Low-altitude orbiters about the Moon require full potential fields for accurate modeling. Therefore, analytical theories are usually discarded in preliminary mission design of close Lunar orbiters for the huge formal expressions that need to be handled. However, specific applications allow for certain reduction. This is the case of polar orbits, where a rearrangement of the perturbing function makes it possible to carry out dramatic simplifications that allow us to cope with fifty zonal harmonics analytically. The theory reflects the real long-term behavior of low-altitude, polar, Lunar orbiters and may be useful in preliminary mission design.


Orbital Element Lunar Surface Semimajor Axis Zonal Potential Polar Orbit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© American Astronautical Society, Inc 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martin Lara
    • 1
  • Sebastián Ferrer
    • 2
  • Bernard De Saedeleer
    • 3
  1. 1.Real Observatorio de la ArmadaSan FernandoSpain
  2. 2.Dep. Matemática AplicadaUniversity of MurciaEspinardoSpain
  3. 3.Redu Space Services S.A.ReduBelgium

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