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Welding in the World

, Volume 56, Issue 5–6, pp 65–76 | Cite as

Welding Duplex Stainless Steels — A Review Of Current Recommendations

Peer-Reviewed Section

Abstract

A steel will not become widely accepted and used unless it can be successfully welded without too many limitations. Contemporary duplex stainless steel grades fulfil these requirements with some grade dependent differences. The duplex stainless steel family has, during the last decade, been extended with new lean grades and recently also highly-alloyed hyperduplex grades. Most welding recommendations are very similar to those of the 1990’s. However, the introduction of new grades and the increased use of newer welding methods has somewhat changed the perception of what is possible. This paper discusses the state-of-the-art and trends in welding of duplex stainless steels. It is based on input from the worldwide welding community, including users and producers of steel and welding consumables as well as literature. In most cases, there is consensus on recommendations but variations reflecting differences in practices exist in particular for newer steel grades where limits in e.g. allowable energy inputs are less well documented.

IIW-Thesaurus keywords

Consumables Cracking Duplex stainless steels Energy input Ferrite Intermetallics Microstructure Nitrogen Shielding gases Welding Weld metal Weldability 

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Additional literature

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Copyright information

© International Institute of Welding 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ESAB ABGöteborgSweden

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