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Biotransformation of Externally Added Vanillin Related Compounds by Multiple Shoot Cultures of Vanilla planifolia L

Abstract

The multiple shoots and callus cultures of Vanilla planifolia obtained from the nodal explant on MS medium supplemented with 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP) 2 mg l−1 and α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) 2 mg l−1 were maintained by regular subculturing every 30 days and also cultured liquid MS medium of the same hormonal combination. Shoots were transferred to the MS basal medium for rooting. Different explants along with vanilla pods and in vitro cultures were analyzed using HPLC for the presence of vanillin and related compounds. When the amount of these compounds was determined in explants and in in vitro cultures after precursor feeding and curing process, explants showed different profile after precursor feeding and after undergoing curing process. During further investigations we have applied a novel approach for curing in vitro tissues as done for vanilla beans. Curing of in vitro shoots resulted in a significant change in the aromatic compound profile.

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Author information

Correspondence to Meera H. Velankar.

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Velankar, M.H., Heble, M.R. Biotransformation of Externally Added Vanillin Related Compounds by Multiple Shoot Cultures of Vanilla planifolia L. J. Plant Biochem. Biotechnol. 13, 153–156 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03263213

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Key words

  • Vanilla planifolia
  • biotransformation
  • multiple shoots
  • vanillin
  • vanilla glucoside